Ash wood is a very versatile and widely used wood. It offers an excellent relationship between quality and resistance. Although it can be found in the manufacture of fine furniture or joinery, it is much more common to see it in most demanding areas: kitchens, cupboards …

There are mainly two types of ash: the European, which can be found throughout Western Europe and even in North Africa, and the American, mainly in the eastern half of the United States. American ash wood is slightly less dense and resistant than European wood. There are more differences, although they are not very significant.

This article describes the characteristics of the European ash tree, whose scientific name is Fraxinus excelsior.

It grows in moist areas and resists moisture well. However, in dry areas their cultivation is much more limited.

Characteristics of ash wood

ash characteristics

Color: The color of the ash tree is essentially Right, shooting white at the sapwood and brown at the heart.

Fiber: Direct.

Grain: Medium.

Density. It is a semi-heavy wood: European 690 kg / m3 at 12% humidity; 640 kg / m american3.

Toughness: It is a semi-hard wood with 4.2 in the Monnin test

Durability: It is susceptible to the attack of some insects and fungi, especially the European ash. Currently, one type of beetle is killing millions of specimens in North America.

Dimensional stability:

  • Volumetric contraction coefficient: 0.45% slightly edgy wood.

Mechanical properties:

  • Compressive strength: 510 kg / cmtwo
  • Static flexural strength: 1,130 kg / cmtwo
  • Modulus of elasticity: 129,000 kg / cmtwo

And, especially flexible. This feature makes it used in areas where flexibility and resistance to impact or breakage are required. For example, in the manufacture of sports vehicles or materials.



  • Sawn. Smoothly.
  • Drying. Fast and smooth.
  • Brushed. Smoothly.
  • Glued. Smoothly.
  • Nailed and screwed. You need pre-exercises.
  • Finish. Smoothly.

It is recommended to use protection when working with ash, as it can cause skin irritation.

Price: The price of ash wood is relatively low. It is due to its good availability, both in veneer and sawn.

Ash uses

uses ashes
  • Internal furniture. In some cases also outdoors, although the application of a good protective treatment is essential.
  • It is one of the preferred options for bending wood. Especially when it is made with steam.
  • Carpentry and interior coatings.
  • Decorative plates.
  • Spinning.
  • Handles of all types of tools.
  • Sporting goods: baseball bats, pool cues or rackets.
  • Agricultural tools.
  • Cars and wagons. Not only the old manufacturers, but also the current known ones that test wood as an element for the manufacture of vehicles, opted for ash.