Nowadays, the use of plastic extends to all areas in multiple uses. This material is essential for many sectors of activity, especially industrial, and its demand seems to be increasing.
Despite this, several factors affect the use of this material. As we know, plastic is made from synthetic compounds derived from petroleum and is not biodegradable. Recently, the evolution of oil prices and especially the serious problems of pollution and climate change from which the planet suffers, have led to thinking about the search for new alternatives to the use of plastic, in favor of the ecology. (the treatment of plastic waste has become a major environmental problem) and the search for new sources since crude oil is a non-renewable resource.
A new alternative.
Faced with this problem, an alternative to these materials has emerged, much more committed to the health of the Earth: bioplastics. It is a type of plastic derived from plant resources and therefore biodegradable, although its decomposition in nature can vary depending on the material.
There are several types of bioplastics. There are those derived from crops such as corn starch, wheat, potato or tomato; those obtained from sugars, those obtained from vegetable cellulose and the so-called PHA or polyhydroxyalkanoates obtained by fermentation of vegetable raw material with certain strains of bacteria.
In addition to being 100% biodegradable, the bioplastic it is a material just as versatile and resistant as plastic. Currently, many companies committed to the ecological cause in Europe, the United States, Japan and to a lesser extent in other countries such as China, Australia and Brazil, popularize its use and use it for the production in the packaging and containers market, industry. textiles, agriculture, automotive industry, among other applications.
Global demand for bioplastics increasing more and more, as a logical and necessary step towards a forward-looking industry.
Advantages and disadvantages of bioplastic.
Among the advantages of bioplastics we find:
- Contains no chemicals harmful to the environment
- Most of them are biodegradable, so they help take care of the planet by producing less waste.
- They are recyclable since they can be reused in the production of fertilizers for agriculture.
- They come from 100% renewable raw materials and their production requires less energy.
- It can be used to package food and drink without altering the taste and smell.
However, there are some drawbacks to using it today as well, which we hope will be resolved in the future:
- It has a higher production cost compared to plastic. However, in recent years, the production process has been optimized to reduce costs and increase productivity.
- There is still ignorance and ignorance on the subject among many entrepreneurs in the industrial sector.
- With the large-scale production of bioplastics Other problems could arise such as the availability and rising prices of foods derived from corn and wheat, as currently most are made from these elements.
- Most of the population does not know that in order to recycle manufactured packaging should not be mixed with conventional plastic.
Despite this, bioplastics They are an ideal option for reducing the use of plastic and for the care of our planet.
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