What does carpentry mean? Is it the same as the joinery? Within this art, is any type of wood used to make furniture? Which are they?


What is joinery?

The best way to give a definition of joinery is to talk about joinery. While the latter encompasses works made of wood, when we speak of carpentry we refer only to one area of ‚Äč‚Äčthis, the furniture manufacturing.

The term has its origin in the word ebony, a species of very high quality wood, considered for centuries one of the best woods for the manufacture of all types of furniture. The term has been widespread over the centuries, from those who used ebony to make furniture to all the artisans of that branch.

The appearance of joinery would come with the Renaissance. Before that, it was a relatively simple discipline. Subsequently, it has adapted not only to decorative and / or artistic changes and trends, but also to new materials and techniques.

Main differences between joiner and carpenter

It is understood that the joiner is a specialist in the manufacture of furniture and, therefore, capable of better and more complex furniture. On the other hand, it is understood that a carpenter has more general training and experience and can cover a wider range of jobs.

A joiner must have a superior knowledge of the the so-called fine woodsIt is necessary to have notions of geometry, a spatial design above average, and also a wide knowledge of the types of finishes that can be applied to wood.

Among the disciplines that a joiner must master, we find:

  • Marquetry. Technique used to join several pieces of wood forming drawings or geometric shapes.
  • The sculpture.
  • Spinning.
  • Inlay. Similar to marquetry, although in this case different materials are used besides wood. These include: mother of pearl, ivory, metals …

What woods are used in joinery?

As we pointed out, carpentry is an art or discipline that aims to obtain more elaborate furniture. For this you cannot use any type of wood.

Among the most used by carpenters are: ebony, walnut, oak, cypress, olive, mahogany, maple, palo santo, rosewood

It is common to resort, on several occasions, to decorative wood veneers or veneered panels due to price limitations or availability of certain species.

Examples of joinery work

wooden roof
joiner furniture
cabinet furniture