Chestnut wood is considered a quality wood. It is resistant, flexible, durable and over time improves its appearance. It is easy to find in Europe traditional buildings made with this wood and which are still in operation after many decades.
Although it is native to Asia, it is common in Europe, where it was introduced by the Greeks and Romans. The chestnut is not only appreciated for its wood, but also a valuable resource for many years. Fruits, firewood, shade …
The American chestnut has similar properties, however, then the situation is different. The species dominated some forests in the northern United States, but its presence was reduced due to the appearance of foreign pests, which obviously affected its availability and price.
Its scientific name is Castanea sativa.
Characteristics Chestnut Wood
Color: There is a marked difference between the sapwood and the heartwood. The sapwood has a yellowish color that darkens over time. The sapwood is light brown.
Fiber: Straight with slight undulations.
Density: It is a light wood with an approximate density of 590-600 kg / m3 at 12% humidity.
Toughness: This is a soft wood with 2.5 in the Monnin test.
Durability: It has considerable durability. Large amount of tannins and low permeability. Good resistance to fungi and insects, especially indoors.
Dimensional stability: Chestnut wood is stable. It has excellent behavior in places where temperature changes and humidity levels occur.
- Volumetric contraction coefficient: 0.39% slightly edgy wood.
- Compressive strength: 460 kg / cmtwo
- Resistance to static bending: 710 kg / cmtwo
- Modulus of elasticity: 100,000 kg / cmtwo
Impregnation: Impregnable sapwood, heartwood not impregnable.
- Sawn. Smoothly.
- Drying. Slow, with risk of collapse and the appearance of internal and external cracks.
- Brushed. Smoothly.
- Glued. Risk of reaction with alkaline adhesives.
- Nailed and screwed. Requires knockouts.
- Finish. Risks derived from wood acidity.
- Manufacture of furniture.
- Interior carpentry: doors, windows, platforms, floors …
- It has some applications as a structural element in wooden construction.
- It is used in the manufacture of barrels.
- Natural decorative veneers.