Decorating is a great way to add personality to your home. There are many elements involved in the decoration, but the most important is the color.

The chromatic circle It is a valuable tool that can help you decorate your home. There are thousands of possible color combinations, but you can use the basic color information to create the one that best suits your personal and household taste. Always choose the colors that suit you best for a successful decoration.

Basic color terms

The color wheel

chromatic circle

The color wheel identifies color families and how they are related.

Primary colors

All colors, except white, come from the primary colors. Blue, yellow and red are the primary colors. The combinations of these three colors produce others. Mix all three in equal amounts to produce the brown.

Secondary colors

Mix equal amounts of two primary colors to create a secondary color. The results are purple (red and blue), green (blue and yellow) and orange (red and yellow).

Tertiary colors

Mix a primary color with large amounts of another primary color to create the tertiary colors. For example, mix one part of blue with two parts of red to create the reddish violet.

Other color terms

  • The dye a color is the basic color. For example, blue is the shade of light blue and dark blue.
  • The tone describes the color density and its reflective quality. Hue is important when choosing a color scheme.
  • The value of a color describes the amount of white or black in the color. The value varies from light to dark on a gray scale.
  • The saturation a color refers to its purity and intensity.


Each color affects our mood in different ways. You have decided that your favorite color, emerald green, will be the main focus of your room. Before buying 5 gallons of emerald green paint, consider the effect this will have on the appearance of the environment. Use the following descriptions as a guide to create your color scheme.

Warm and welcoming colors

The warm and welcoming colors, located on the right side of our color wheel, convey a message of unity and strength:

  • Various shades of red are commonly found in dining rooms and libraries, but they are also becoming popular in kitchens and bedrooms.
  • Pure orange is an extremely warm color. It is very difficult to soften and is generally used only as a decorative color.
  • Yellow has different effects depending on its hue and value. Bright yellow can create a sense of deterrence, as with police tape at the scene. But a light yellow, like the evening primrose, can create a cheerful and friendly atmosphere.

Cool, calming colors


The cool and soothing colors, located on the left side of our color wheel, provide a feeling of calm and confidence:

  • As you may have noticed, most hospitals and doctors’ offices are decorated in green. Green is one of nature’s most prominent colors and blends easily with any environment.
  • Generally, blue is a color that inspires peace. Light blue can make a room clear and comfortable, while deep blue can create a sober atmosphere. Use blue in any room in the house.
  • Violet is gaining more and more recognition due to her connection to the romance. Violet is also used in bedrooms and living rooms to communicate an air of serenity.


Pastel colors are created by adding more white to other colors. Due to the clarity of the color, you don’t have to worry too much about the possibility of being shocking. Pastel tones create a comfortable and ethereal feeling in any environment.

Neutral colors

Neutral colors include bands of white, gray and black. Neutral colors are the easiest colors to use for an obvious reason; blends easily with most environments. Typically, builders use neutral colors inside a home to accommodate the wide variety of tastes of new homeowners. Neutral colors can be elegant and dramatic. For example, black and white are neutral colors that create a wonderful palette for additional colors.

As a summary of the effects of color

Each color of the decoration conveys different feelings to the viewers. A blue-painted room produces different feelings than a red or orange room.

To find the right color it is necessary to know the sensations that each color produces in the decoration:

White. It is the color most used in decoration, whether walls, ceilings, furniture, textiles, accessories … It is the most suitable color to give more light and spaciousness to a space. It generates a feeling of freshness, cleanliness, tranquility and purity. It matches any other color, so it encourages creativity.

black. It is the color of elegance and sophistication. Convey strength, intelligence and sobriety. It generates a feeling of depth, although it is convenient not to abuse it because it can be heavy. It serves to highlight other colors due to its contrast.

Gray. It is the neutral color par excellence. It generates a feeling of warmth, tranquility and sophistication. The gray color effect is increasingly used in homes with modern decor. It is ideal to combine with other colors, without abuse.

Red. It inspires energy and vitality, it is a warm, burning and aggressive color. That is why it should be used sparingly. This color makes spaces look smaller than they really are.

blue. This color conveys harmony, calm, relaxation, confidence and security. We relate this color to the freshness of nature: the sea, the sky. It generates concentration and increases productivity.

Green. Green is a color that represents nature very well for its freshness, vitality and hope. It is very relaxing and harmonious.

Yellow. They say that yellow stimulates creativity. It generates joy, optimism, happiness and strength. Used in very light tones, it produces relaxation and calm. Must be combined with neutral colors.

Various color combinations. COMBINE WALL AND FURNITURE COLORS

A color scheme is any group of colors that work together to create a visually appealing design. The following are the suggested combinations, but the possible combinations are unlimited.

Complementary colors

Complementary colors appear opposite on the color wheel; for example, red and green or yellow and purple. Each color highlights the richness of the other. When using complementary colors, one color should be subtle and the other more dominant. For example, a deep dark purple should be combined with a medium to light yellow.

Split complementary colors

The complementary split colors offer a wild and bold color palette. Select a main color. Then find the complementary color and select the colors on each side of the complementary color. These colors are great to use in layers to achieve a false finish.

Related colors

The related colors are located next to each other on the color wheel. These colors produce a less contrasting effect than complementary colors. For example, a dark bluish green combined with light blue can feel like floating in a blue lagoon.

Monochrome colors

Monochrome colors are colors with the same hue, but with different hues, values ​​and saturation. For example, an ink sample card has different values ​​for a color. Using two or more monochrome colors, it is possible to create a beautiful and elegant appearance.

Tips for choosing a color scheme

Planning can allow you to create many different looks using colors.

Planning and inspiration with colors

  • The most natural space to observe colors is nature. The flower gardens, fruit and vegetable stands and its own patio offer the purest representations of colors.
  • Plan ahead by creating a scrapbook or graphic of color samples, wallpapers and styles that you find attractive. Combine and test the samples in the room you are decorating at different times of the day.
  • Be consistent in colors throughout the home to create continuity. With the room doors open, determine how much of each room can be seen from the next room. Plan your color scheme in relation to the visibility of each room in the other.
  • Choose the colors you like best. The maximum limit must be four main colors and two designs; if there were more, it would create too much visual stimulation. Use as many accent colors as you like and select a predominant color from the main colors to get started. Use a specific color scheme, whether monochrome, related or complementary.
  • If you decide to start with a design of your own, combine your colors with the design. Colors that are very different from the design can be accentuated with light or dark tones of the same color. You can also use a main color with multiple shades to create an energetic combination of colors.
  • The color of the wall is usually the most prevalent in the room, so if you are choosing paint for a wall, make sure you know how it will look. Paint a 2-foot x 2-foot color test and let it dry. In general, the ink gets a shade or two darker when it dries. Imagine that section of 2 feet x 2 feet expanded across the room. For example, a light peach color can make a room look very pink in a certain light.
  • Decide where you will use the colors in the room. The general rule when decorating is to use three different values: light, medium and dark. The walls and floors are usually light colors, depending on the effect you are trying to create. Floors should be slightly darker than walls to prevent them from ‘floating’. Window coverings and large furniture are often colored medium to blend in with the light walls and floors. Darker colors should be used as accent colors and spread throughout the room.

How to use color to create an illusion

Use colors to create an illusion in any room, contrasting different values; light and dark, hot and cold:

  • You can visually lower a ceiling by painting it with a lighter color than the walls.
  • Make the ceiling look taller by painting it a lighter color than the walls.
  • Use neutral or warm colors on the walls and floor to visually narrow a large room.
  • Make a room look bigger by using light and light colors on the walls, floors and ceilings.

Use decorative colors to change a room

If you like to change your home’s color scheme frequently, use neutral colors on the walls and floor. Use brightly colored accessories to enhance and change the look of the room. For example, a neutral room can be made more lively by adding electric blue colored pillows, curtains, blankets and rugs. Whenever you want to redecorate, just mix or match all the accessories. Other ideas include:

  • Use a wall in the room as the center of attention. Paint the wall with a complementary color or a darker shade of the main color of the room.
  • Add white to a room to make the patterns and colors look lighter. If you add a dark color, such as black, the darkness of the drawing will appear.
  • Paint your walls in two bold colors to match the design of a rug or chair.