Cypress wood is a quality wood, with beautiful tones and veins, semi-hard and durable. It is an abundant species typical of warm and temperate zones. In addition to using its wood, the cypress is the ornamental tree.
There are different types of cypress trees, each with its own peculiarities. Some of these types and subspecies are:
- Monterey cypress. Native to the California area, it is grown in North America and Europe.
- Mexico cypress. Its wood is one of the lightest of its kind.
- Mediterranean cypress. As its name implies, it is typical of the Mediterranean region. it is denser than the rest and can live for many years, more than 1,000, without problems. There is a specimen in Iran that is estimated to be over 4,000 years old.
- Leyland cypress (Cupressus x leylandii). It is an abundant species in Europe. It is a hybrid between the Monterey cypress and the Alaskan cypress. It adapts very well to a wide variety and climates and grows quickly. It has become a profitable tree, although other types have very little commercial interest.
Layland Cypress wood features
As we already mentioned, there are different types with slightly different characteristics. Here, we will not focus on Leyland cypress, one of the most common and used wood subspecies.
Color: Pale yellow to brown heartwood. Lighter sapwood.
Fiber: Straight although with irregularities depending on the number of nodes.
Density: 500 kg / m3. Other types can be between 450-550 kg / m3.
Toughness: Janka 430-550 lbf. Semi-hard wood.
Durability: Durable against moisture, insects and fungi.
- Volumetric contraction coefficient: –
- Flexural strength: 1030 kg / cm2
- Compressive strength: 500 kg / cm2
- Tensile strength: 110 kg / cm2
- Modulus of elasticity: 75000 kg / cm2
- Sawing: can have a large number of knots, which makes cutting difficult.
- Nailing and driving may require pre-drilling to prevent cracking.
- Gluing and finishing without problems.
- It is not a good option for folding.
- Interior and exterior carpentry.
- Posts and fences.
- Musical instruments. Especially guitars.
- Decorative plates.