The concern with the environment has become a constant in the decisions of many consumers in the most diverse areas of life. Fortunately, construction is no exception and people are increasingly concerned with choosing green materials, with questions about ecological floors and floors being the most frequent.
When choosing a sustainable material we must pay attention to several issues, and not only if it is renewable. The manufacturing or transformation process necessary to convert it into land, transportation and even the working conditions of people working in all links of the production chain must be considered.
Only if you are respectful in each of these phases can we really speak of ecological soil. On this occasion we will focus on the material, and let the consumer know if the company that will supply the floor has met all the criteria for offering an ecological material and that it is not just a marketing strategy.
Materials for making ecological floors
Solid wood. This is undoubtedly the reference material for the manufacture of ecological floors. It is a renewable, abundant source, with long-lasting results and an unbeatable appearance. However, there are major exceptions to whether it is organic or not. We must ensure that the species used are not at risk and that all criteria established in certifications such as FSC or PEFC have been met. In addition, ideally, local species will be used to reduce contamination produced during transport.
Bamboo. The first thing to comment is that bamboo is not exactly wood, but grass. On the other hand, it is the abundance and very fast growth that make bamboo a great option for making ecological floors. The speed of renovation of these farms is much greater than that of other alternatives. In addition, they are resistant floors, even to humidity, and relatively cheap.
Possible disadvantages are transport, although on the other hand it is increasingly common to find farms outside Asia, and also the working conditions to which people who are dedicated to their exploitation are subjected.
Cork. It is a much less abundant option and made essentially from the bark of the cork oak. They are moisture resistant, have a natural appearance and offer excellent insulation.
Linoleum floors. This type of pavement is composed of different materials, all natural and renewable. The main thing is flaxseed. We were also able to find limestone, cork and wood. The result is a very versatile floor, available in a variety of finishes, colors and textures.
Ecological outdoor floors
wood. Solid wood is also a great option for exteriors, although it is not just any wood. Some species, especially tropical ones, have characteristics that make them suitable. Among these properties must have a natural resistance to moisture, insects and fungi. Even so, it is always advisable to apply protection products.
Dirt floors. It is a conglomerate of aggregates, reagents, glass calciner, other recycled products and some fixative. It is a resistant solution widely used in gardens, natural spaces and parks. Its appearance is that of a dirt road.