Elondo wood, also known as Talí wood or African oak, is a quality tropical wood characterized among other things by its hardness. We can find it mainly in northern India, Nepal and Pakistan, as well as in western Asia and in some areas of Africa; Although there are also plantations.

Its scientific name is Erythopleum utile Sprangue. In English-speaking countries, it is known as Indian Rosewood.

Its exploration and export has just reached a critical point and since 2017 it has been included as a species to be protected.

It is a wood in great demand in its countries of origin, where the price is usually at the level of teak wood.

Characteristics of Elondo wood

Color: Light hue, between pink and yellow. Heartwood basically brown with yellowish and reddish tones. Elondo wood offers a wide variety of shades.

Fiber: Straight, often interlaced or highly interlaced.

Grain: Thick.

Density: Heavy wood with a density of approximately 920 kg / m3 at 12% humidity.

Toughness: It is a hard to very hard wood with values ​​between 8.5 – 9.2 in the Monnin test.

Durability: Good. Great resistance to fungi, insects and other wood degrading agents.

Dimensional stability:

  • Volumetric contraction coefficient: 0.52-0.57% moderately nervous wood.

Mechanical properties:

  • Compressive strength: 750 kg / cmtwo
  • Static flexural strength: 1,700 kg / cmtwo
  • Modulus of elasticity: 140,000 kg / cmtwo

Impregnation: Heartwood slightly impregnable, sapwood moderately impregnable.

Workability: Produces high wear on machines.

  • Sawn. Problems derived from its hardness.
  • Drying. Slow, with high risk of deformations and cracks.
  • Brushed. Complex due to its hardness and interlaced fiber. Risk of repelling and chipping. Convenient to work slowly.
  • Glued. It has a high content of tannins that hinder bonding.
  • Nailed and screwed. Requires knockouts.
  • Finish. Rubber deposits can affect the adhesion of some products, such as varnishes.

Although it is not frequent, it can cause allergic reactions and skin irritations.

Uses of Talí Wood

elondo wood

One of the prominent uses of elondo or tali is the manufacture of coating platform. Given its variable shade, the floors of this wood have a characteristic aspect.

It is commonly used to make outdoor furniture, doors, windows, trimmings, veneers, baseboards or as a wall covering. We can also find it in the construction of ports.

One of the most conspicuous uses is the manufacture of musical instruments, especially guitars.

Carpentry to be assembled, both indoors and outdoors.

The poison can be extracted from its bark, which is used in some crops.