Drills are the essential tool in any toolbox for individuals and professionals. What kind of exercises are there? What are the uses of each type of drill?
Know all the essential features of this power tool and you will choose the best one for your projects.
The keys to choosing a drill
- Drills with variety of uses: drilling, grinding, sanding, stripping, screwingetc.
- Corded drills and cordless drills– Corded drills allow you to work longer and on harder surfaces, but require you to have an electrical outlet handy. Cordless drills are perfect for jobs that require mobility and ease of use.
- Quality accessories for our drill bit: Using low quality bits will waste more time and generate poor results. Bad batteries will not only last less, but will also give less power to the drill.
What are exercises? What types of exercises are there? How to choose a drill?
Drills are divided into two types, depending on whether they are corded or cordless. There are also drills that can polish, sand, screw, drill …
What are they used for?
It can be used to drill any type of construction material, including concrete, thanks to the hammer function. They are perfect electric machines for drilling hard materials such as concrete, bricks, cement, plasterboard, wood, metals, etc.
Your best advantages
- If you need a continuous high performance tool, as well as availability.
- They usually have several speed modes, which allow you to adapt the force and speed to the material.
- Always ready to use, as long as you have an electrical outlet nearby.
The disadvantages are few
Mainly that the cable is boring to work depending on which projects and that it is necessary to have an outlet nearby.
How to choose a corded drill?
Each type of corded drill has unique properties.
- Power. Determine the resistance of the drill bit. Its measurement is expressed in watts (W). As a general rule, drills with 750 W or less are suitable for DIY or private work. Those over 750 W are perfect for professional use or more demanding jobs.
- Speed control. Cable types can have one or two speeds. You can adjust the drill rotation speed, accuracy and capacity.
- Electronic speed control. It allows us to adapt the speed of rotation by means of the trigger, with great precision.
- Mechanical speed control, with one or two speeds. At low speeds, the tool has more strength, but the drill spins more slowly and is therefore used to work on hard materials such as metal. On the other hand, high speeds are recommended for use on all other materials.
- Percussion. Machines that incorporate a percussion function perform a rotation movement of the drill and hammering. You can use hammer or non-hammer mode, depending on the material.
- Without percussion: It is used in bolting or drilling work on all types of materials. Brick and concrete would be the exception.
- With percussion. It strikes and drills at the same time and is perfect for drilling all types of materials and hard materials.
- Reversible. Many corded drills have a reversible twist feature. Which means? Allows the drill to rotate in both directions, an indispensable feature when working with screws.
Drills with battery or cordless
There are numerous brands of drill bits and screwdrivers: Makita, Dewalt, Bosch, Black & Decker, …
What is its most common use?
Perfect for any task, be it DIY or the most demanding jobs. They are widely used mainly for outdoor work or jobs where electrical connections are scarce.
The reality is that they have become the standard for the convenience they offer. This is the type of drill you buy, unless you need a lot of power.
The advantages of this type of drills.
- Great freedom of movement. Ideal for use in less accessible locations.
- Perfect for use in outdoor areas or gardens, or without outlets.
Disadvantages of cordless drills
Limited battery autonomy, although today there are batteries with great autonomy.
How to choose a cordless drill?
- Battery Type. The batteries can be of two types:
- Lithium battery (li): The most recommended due to the tool’s durability. They have no memory effect, so the battery does not lose capacity if it is charged before being discharged. The battery does not need to be fully discharged to recharge it.
- Nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries: They are cheaper, but start to disappear due to the disadvantages compared to lithium batteries.
Each battery has particular characteristics:
- Voltage. The voltage is expressed in volts (V). The higher the battery voltage, the greater the working capacity.
- Amperage: The amperes (A) are the capacity of the battery, the higher the amperage, the longer it works without having to recharge it.
- charging time: Lithium batteries take much less time to charge than nickel-cadmium batteries. If you are one of those who will use the drill a lot, look for models that allow fast charges, otherwise, you will need a replacement battery to avoid major downtime while working.
- Weight. Determining feature for easy tool handling. Lithium batteries are more manageable, compact and lighter.
- Durability. Lithium batteries have twice as many nickel batteries. Lithium batteries discharge more slowly than others.
All other features are the same as those with corded drills. We can adjust the speed and the direction of rotation (reversible). In addition, there are models with percussion option …
Accessories: What do you want to use your drill for?
A correct and quality accessory to carry out according to which project is essential. With the right complement, the drill allows us to perform other actions, in addition to drilling: screwing, sanding, grinding, milling, polishing, polishing, … A good drill with a bad accessory will give us a bad result. Therefore, it is necessary to choose the appropriate accessory for the material we will be working with. What are the uses of….?
- Drill. We will need the right drill bit to drill through concrete, wood, metal, ceramic or other surfaces. We must take into account the type of insertion: cylindrical or hexagonal. The number on the drill is the thickness in millimeters.
- Screw. We will use the appropriate drill for the screws we want to screw: Phillips, pozidriv, hexagonal, torx, flat, etc. Sometimes, we will need an accessory to attach the tip to the drill head.
- Polish or sand. The accessories for polishing or sanding are endless, such as an abrasive brush, wool cap, … The smaller the number, the thicker the grain and vice versa.
- Mill. Choose the appropriate cutter for the material you are working on, as well as the type of groove or chamfer we will make. You will also have to choose the router guide and the fixing base.
You can also choose column drills or a column where you can adapt your drill to perform jobs of high precision and stability. These types of drills or accessories are perfect as workshop machines.