Everyone, at some point, thought that our wooden chopping board is not perfectly clean and that there may be some germs proliferating there. In a way, it is normal for us to think about it, few kitchen utensils are so used and come into contact with food, even when not yet cooked, such as the cutting board.
When do you have to change the cutting board?
This answer is not always easy, because if the board is well taken care of and is not used in a very intense or aggressive way, it can last for many years. However, if there are at least some situations in which we can clearly determine that it is time to update the table:
- When the surface is no longer smooth.
- When there are stains that persist even after several washes.
How to clean a wooden board
At wooden cutting boards have interesting advantages: being heavier they are more comfortable to hold, despite the theme of this article they are hygienic, wood is an ecological and renewable material, etc. However, they are one of the most difficult to clean. It is because they are porous and can even deform with moisture.
Step 1. Wash with soap and water, the same ones you use for dishes. This will remove dirt from the surface and food debris that may be on the plate.
Step 2. To disinfect, mix water and bleach in a container. Approximately 3.5 liters of water and a tablespoon of bleach (without fragrance or detergent formulas). You can put the liquid in a bottle or spray to further simplify the process.
Now, generously apply the combination of water and bleach to the plate and let it act for at least 10-15 seconds before rinsing with plenty of water.
A natural alternative to bleach is to use salt and lemon. Once the tray is moistened, sprinkle a little salt and with the help of half a lemon, rub the surface in circles. Then rinse with plenty of water.
It is best to let it air dry.
Step 3 (optional). One way to improve the protection of wood on a cutting board is to polish or oil. With this, it is possible that the wood remains hydrated, substantially reducing the process of contractions and deformations of the wood in the face of changes in the degree of humidity.
For that, some recommend simply using olive oil, which you find in any kitchen. However, for this task there are specific and more suitable products, such as the mineral oils for wood suitable for contact with food.
To apply, pour a little on the table and spread it with the help of a lint-free cloth. Renew the application of the oil on the cutting board every few weeks.
Never wash a wooden board in the dishwasher, it is the best way to reduce its useful life.
And the bamboo cutting boards?
Bamboo is not exactly wood. Therefore, doubts arise as to how they should be cleaned.
The first thing we should know is that the bamboo has interesting advantages compared to most woods as a material for making this type of kitchen utensils. Bamboo is considerably dense, even more so than oak, and therefore lighter, less porosity and wear. However, the similarities are also important.
Therefore, the cleaning process for bamboo cutting boards is the same as for wood.
To avoid cross-contamination, food safety experts recommend using multiple tables at the same time, one for each food class. That is, it has a table for chopping meat, another for fish, another for vegetables etc.