Renewable energy India. Image: AlexLMX Shutterstock

India is a country with high energy demand and high population growth. Its significant energy needs will be partially met through an aggressive solar energy program.

India is a country of 1.339 billion people (2017). Currently, 50% of the energy produced in the country is of fossil origin. Its rapid population and industrial growth demand that energy efficiency be vital in national policy.

India is a country that receives solar radiation almost all year round, about 3000 hours. It is considered one of the most polluted in the world and has a large rural population that uses firewood for energy. Solar is ideal for rural areas because it does not require an electrical distribution network for its installation.

For these reasons, solar power is an alternative given its unbeatable location. Such is its potential, that they are already thinking about how to export it all over the world.

The Indian government is firmly committed to this and is promoting domestic and large-scale facilities throughout the country.

the Ministry of Renewable Energies designed a Green Energy plan to promote the use of solar, wind, mini-hydro and biomass energy.

Rajasthan, India. Image: Panoglobe Shutterstock

Renewable energy in India.

The country has 75 GW current solar capacity. Gross domestic product (GDP) grows at an annual rate of 6.5%, so renewable energy capacity must be at least 840 GW by 2030.

Wind power in India. Image: Matyas Rehak Shutterstock

Despite the progress, dependence on fossil fuels remains high, even though construction of new coal-fired power plants has been canceled. They also have several obstacles to overcome, such as the energy storage and strengthening of emerging Indian manufacturers.

In the process of developing and installing renewable energies, foreign companies play a leading role. Indian companies still have little maturity compared to their foreign competitors.

Despite these limitations, they will play a more active role in achieving the objectives of the solar energy by 2022.

The evolution of solar capacity installed in recent years in India has been surprising. According to data from Mercom Capital, only 6 MW were installed nationwide. Little by little the fields of photovoltaic panels have grown to reach 75 GW.