The difficulty in securing large tracts of land is moving solar power plants to water areas across the country.
Hundreds of solar megawatts are installed in reservoirs and dams in India. In recent years, floating solar power has become the new energy trend in the country under relentless pressure from the National Solar Mission.
At the heart of this Indian passion for PV for water is essentially the difficulty for utilities and energy companies to obtain large plots of land on which to build solar power plants.
Thus, in no time at all, floating plants have gone from being an experiment to that of a real niche market. The latest project is owned by Greenam Energy, the renewable unit of the AM International conglomerate, which has announced the installation of 24 MW of floating capacity in an industrial basin in Tuticorin, a town in the far south of India. The facility will power a fertilizer business and sell excess electricity to the national grid.
But this year, several solar auctions are expected to step on the accelerator towards this segment, such as the call by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) for a 100 MW project in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
On the other hand, NTPC, India’s largest energy conglomerate, has a set program to become an industry leader: the company has around 650 MW of floating solar projects underway, some of which will even be built in the water tanks of its coal-fired power station. power stations.
“Dams and other diked water bodies are easy targets for floating solar power plants. It is an ideal combination of yellow and blue to give green energy. “
Vivek Jha, co-founder of Yellow tropus.
BloombergNEF itself predicts a leading role for Indian floating PV.
“Floating solar power plants can help move India closer to its ambitious installation target by 2022 (or 100 GW PV)“Said analyst Rohit Gadre.
According to World Bank data, the country has enviable potential to help realize a potential of 400 GW globally (data from Where the sun meets the water).
The financial institute created that the nación, junto con China y el sudeste asiático, seguirá liderando el desarrollo global de la energía solar flotante, como lo hizo en el pasado cuando el sector aumentó de 10 MW in 2014 a los actuales 1.3 GW instalados in the world.
However, a number of challenges remain. Each plant needs its own design and the selling prices of the electricity produced must be competitive, without reducing the quality of the project.
The next step? Tenders for the floating photovoltaic mix with storage. The Indian Solar Power Corporation, a company of the Indian Ministry of Energy, has already prepared the first auction via a 20MW + 60MW tender in the Lakshadweep Islands.