You can easily renovate any room and keep the walkways protected from spills, traffic and daily wear and tear with the installation of vinyl floors. Vinyl looks good, is water resistant and cushions better than tiles, solid wood or laminate. Installing a vinyl floor board is a suitable do-it-yourself project. The key to success is preparation.

Tools and materials needed for laying vinyl floors

  • Vinyl sheet.
  • Adhesive.
  • Mason’s spatula.
  • Measuring tape.
  • Lever.
  • Leveling ruler.
  • Utility knife.
  • Floor roller.

Calculate how many vinyl sheets are needed

First, determine how much flooring to buy. Measure the area of ​​the room. Measure the length and width of the room.

Calculate that there will be losses due to cuts in the installation of vinyl floors. Between 5% and 10% depending on how straight the walls are, the number of doors, etc.

Preparing the room for installing vinyl flooring

Step 1. Remove furniture, appliances or bathroom.

Step 2. Remove the doors from the hinges.

step 3. Remove the trim with a lever. Slowly secure the lever between the edge and the wall, inserting a small block of wood behind the lever. The wood protects the wall from damage and offers an advantage when separating the edge.

Step 4. Remove the nails from the wall with pliers. If the nails are embedded in the trim and you plan to reuse the same trim, insert the nails into the back of the trim to prevent chipping.

Preparing vinyl sheet floors

prepare area to put vinyl floors

Cement: The vinyl sheet can be installed on the concrete if the vinyl surface is clean, smooth and dry. Repair any holes or cracks. You can decrease the highlights with a grinder. Small irregularities can be removed with a masonry chisel and a small hammer. (Wear safety glasses).

Vinyl floor– Vinyl sheets can be placed on existing linoleum or vinyl floors, if they are in good condition. If the existing floor has a rough texture or some cracks, use a layer of leveling paste or leveling relief. If applied with a leveling mason trowel, the relief will create a smooth surface for the new floor. Damaged or loose vinyl flooring must be removed.

Floors that require a lower layer: If you have a solid, raised, padded, warped or uneven wooden floor, you will need a base. Bumps or recesses in an existing floor will appear on the new floor. Over time, after installing the new vinyl floor, it will acquire the texture of the floor below. If removing the existing floor is impractical, or if the rough area is too large to use a bevel leveler, cover it with a new layer of plywood lining.

Unless local code indicates otherwise, 1/4 ″ BC grade plywood is a good coating. Make sure that the plywood you use is of inferior quality. If a new plywood subfloor is used, remember that the floor level will increase.

The bottom of the door frames will need to be cut to accommodate the new thickness and the sills will need to be replaced. If you are putting a new floor in your kitchen, you may need to elevate some cabinets to fit the elevated level of a refrigerator.

Installing the subfloor

Step 1. To repair the door frame, cut the bottom edges of the door finish so that there is room for it to slide across the new floor. Use a small piece of screed as a spacer guide.

Step 2. Nail the loose parts of the floor with ring nails. Pass the nails below the surface of the floor and fill in all the holes.

step 3. When installing the new subfloor, sandwich the plywood panel seams and leave a space of 1/32 ″ between the plywood panels to allow for expansion. Leave a space of 1/8 ″ along the walls. Always use fasteners and fastener patterns recommended by the vinyl and plywood manufacturer.

Step 4. If necessary, use a ready mix of floor leveler or cement patch compound to smooth out any uneven areas where the subfloor panels meet. Allow to dry and then sand. Clean the floor thoroughly. The surface must be smooth and free of residues, grease or wax.

Step 5. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and specifications when installing vinyl floors. Failure to do so may void the product warranty.

Cut the floor to the right size

cut vinyl

Vinyl floor sold in different widths, allowing the installation of a continuous floor in small rooms such as bathrooms, corridors and kitchens.

exist two ways to measure and position vinyl. You can measure the entire floor area. Cut the vinyl 3 ″ wider than the floor area on all sides and remove the excess after putting it in place. This method works well in rooms with few angles or obstacles.

Alternatively, you can make a model of the floor design. Transfer the mold to the vinyl and make the appropriate cuts before placing. Use this method for thicker vinyl or in rooms with complex angles or doors. Installation kits are available, including paper, marker pen, tape, cutting sheet and complete instructions for accurate design.

Floor layout

Using graph paper, design your floor to scale. Be sure to include the areas inside the cabinets and those under the mobile devices. If you plan to trim and place instead of using a template, add 3 ″ along the outside.

Putting vinyl sheets in place

Step 1. When using your floor design, transfer it to the vinyl sheet with a washable marker.

Step 2. Before cutting the vinyl, place a piece of plywood underneath to avoid damaging the floor. A clean garage floor is a good place to cut vinyl flooring to the right size.

step 3. Place the cut vinyl floor in the room, allowing the edges to curve against the wall. Remember to leave 3 ″ on each side to trim.

Step 4. Trim the outer edges or other protruding objects when making a vertical cut in the sheet. Cut the vinyl from top to bottom where it meets the floor.

Step 5. To secure the inner corners, make V-cuts on the vinyl where it overlaps. Work carefully making several V-cuts until the vinyl is smooth.

Step 6. Along the walls, press 2x4s against the bottom to fold the vinyl where the wall meets the floor. After making the fold, use a ruler to cut the floor. The floor will expand, so leave a space of 1/8 ″ between the wall and the new floor.

Step 7. Use the same principle for the bead and footer. When repositioning, leave them slightly off the ground for expansion. Cut the nails on the wall, not the floor. Changes in humidity will cause the floor to adhere to a fair finish.

Step 8. If your new floor requires a joint and you are applying it over an old floor, place the new joint at least 6 ″ away from the existing one.

Fixing vinyl sheets using a template or installation kit

Step 1. Place the construction paper on the floor. To hold the paper in place, cut triangular holes and tape them together. Leave 1/8 ″ between the edge of the paper and the wall (for expansion).

Step 2. Overlap the sheets when placing. Glue them together. Make sure to pass the template paper under the door frames.

step 3. To adjust the model around the tubes, measure the distance from the wall to the center of the tube. Subtract 1/8 inch. Align a square corresponding to the edge of your construction paper and draw a line the length of your measurement from the previous step. Draw the diameter of the tube on your model at the end of the line you just drew. Cut the line and circle you drew. Slide the model around the tube. Attach this part to the others on both sides of the tube. When all the sheets are pasted, remove the template in one part.

Step 4. New vinyl should be rolled out face up on a clean surface in another room. Place the mold on top of the vinyl and mark it with a washable marker.

Step 5. Use a sharp knife and a cutting guide to cut the outline of the floor. Make sure to cut the pipe diameter line so that the floor slides around the pipe.

Step 6. Roll up the vinyl and place it in the appropriate room. Carefully unroll and slide under the door frames. Try not to bend the vinyl.

Step 7. If your new floor requires a joint and you are applying it over an old floor, place the new joint at least 6 ″ apart.

Apply the adhesive and install the floor

apply vinyl sticker

Your new vinyl floor will need adhesive. A fully adherent floor will have an adhesive applied over the entire area. A perimeter connecting floor must be fixed only at the edges of the room. Choose the vinyl flooring adhesive that suits your floor type.

Step 1. Place the floor in position.

Step 2. Fold in the middle of the floor.

step 3. Using a pointed trowel, apply the recommended adhesive to the subfloor. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions when applying the adhesive.

Step 4. Allow the adhesive to harden according to the instructions. The open rest time will allow the adhesive to achieve its best consistency.

Step 5. Gently push the floor back into place and press firmly.

Step 6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 for the other half of the floor. Wipe off excess vinyl adhesive with a solvent recommended by the manufacturer.

Step 7. Roll a floor roll from the inside out on the new floor to finish adhering the vinyl to the subfloor. Roll firmly across the floor. Glue all seams with a sewing sealer, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

Step 8. Replace the gasket. Smooth the door if necessary and replace.

Step 9. Clean any adhesive residue from the floor, but do not wash the floor for three days (or as long as the manufacturer recommends). Excessive humidity at this time can affect the adhesion of the adhesive.

Step 10. Try to keep your website traffic to a minimum for 24 hours after installation. The adhesive takes time to dry and stick.

Step 11. After 24 hours, put the furniture back in place. A sheet of plywood can be placed on the kitchen floor to roll or slide large appliances. The most common damage to new floors occurs when furniture and appliances are replaced.