Jatoba wood is a quality option, with great hardness and durability. Although somewhat difficult to work with, it is ideal for those looking for resistant wood at a good price.
In Europe and North America, its main use is the manufacture of floors or pallets. It is known in these places as Brazilian Cherry (Brazilian Cherry) for its similarity to aging.
This species is abundant in Central America and the Amazon region. It is not classified as an endangered species, as is the case with other tropical woods.
Its scientific name is Hymenaea courbaril.
Characteristics of jatoba wood
ColorHeartwood varies from light orange brown to reddish brown. The sapwood has a grayish yellow color. It is a wood that tends to darken with time and exposure to light.
Fiber: From straight to interlaced
Grain: Good to medium.
Density: It has an approximate density of 950 kg / m3 with 12% humidity.
Toughness: It is a very hard wood, Monnin 10.5
Durability: It is a very resistant wood. Good resistance to fungi and insects, although not so much for some marine xylophages.
Dimensional stability: It is considered a stable wood, a little edgy and prone to stains.
- Volumetric shrinkage coefficient of 0.43%.
- Contraction ratio of 1.9%.
- Compressive strength: 820 kg / cm2
- Static flexural strength: 1,400 kg / cm2
- Modulus of elasticity: 190,000 kg / cm2
Workability: Although the finishes are generally good it is not considered an easy to work wood.
- Normal sawdust, with no problems beyond those derived from its hardness. That is, tool wear and necessary resistance.
- Slow drying as there is a risk of deformation
- Brushing can present hair loss problems
- Glued. May present problems due to the presence of tannins
- Nailed and screwed. No problem, although pre-drilling is recommended.
- Easy finishing.
Price: It is not high considering that it is a relatively abundant imported wood.
Main Uses of Jatobá
- O jatoba platform it is undoubtedly the main use of this wood.
- Manufacture of quality furniture or joinery. Interior and exterior.
- Interior and exterior carpentry: doors, windows, frames, friezes.
- Manufacture of natural wood veneers. It is not ideal for the unwinding technique, but it is ideal for flat cuts.
- Ship building.
- Hand tools and cables.
- Musical instruments