Microcement is a product, obtained from cement, which can be used in the coating of walls or floors, using thin layers of 2 to 4 millimeters, and which provides a very resistant surface, not only to shocks and scratches, but also moisture or heat.

It is also known, depending on the country or region, as polished cement (although not exactly the same), smoothed cement, microconcrete, etc.

Although microcement is mainly used on floors and walls, it can also be used on other types of surfaces, for example, to make a countertop or a bathtub.

These types of floors serve a dual function, on the one hand they cover the surface and offer a solution durable and resistant, and on the other hand, given the high level of customization and design possibilities they can be part of the decor.

What is microcement?

The composition of the microcement, although the percentages may vary depending on the brand and manufacturer, is polymeric resins, very small grain aggregates and cementitious elements. It is applied continuously and in several layers. To obtain the different finishes, pigments must be incorporated into this composition.

It is not a new material, in fact it has been known for years by professionals in the sector, but it was in the last decade that it became popular. It is possible that this is due to the fact that it is a product widely used in renovations and not so much in new constructions, the latter having suffered a lot during the crisis and the renovation sector remains, where customers have been looking to a greater extent for products that offer a durability advantage.

Benefits of microcement for floors

Microcement floors are one of the latest trends in this area. It is due to its many characteristics:

  • Great resistance.
  • Increasing variety of colors and finishes.
  • There is no need for expansion joints. The microcement floor does not expand or contract with changes in the environment (humidity, temperature, etc.) as other materials can do, for example, wood. In addition, being partially composed of resins, it withstands a lot of stresses to which it may be subject.
  • It is continuous, that is, there are no joints between the different parts, but a single extension. It is, therefore, within the group known as continuous surfaces or floors.
  • It has an excellent adhesion, which allows its use on the most diverse surfaces, such as tiles, plaster or concrete. An exception would be the application on parquet or laminate floors, since this type of floor is subject to continuous movements.
  • This can be used inside and outside the house.
  • It is the ideal solution for covering floors or walls on which you do not want to carry out major works. For example, you avoid having to lift the front floor and remove debris.
  • No large machinery is required for your application.
  • Very simple maintenance and care.
  • Another advantage of microcement floors compared to other types of floors is that does not raise the ground level excessively, just a few millimeters. Therefore, it is not necessary to carry out lifting tasks for other elements of the house besides brushing a door …

Disadvantages or problems of microcement

  • Price. One of the great disadvantages of microcement in comparison to other materials for use as flooring is its high price.
  • The application and drying time. The application times of a microcement floor can vary between 4 days and a week, which can considerably delay the work.
  • Another disadvantage of microcement for floors is that it is not a good thermal insulator, so its use in cold environments should be moderate.
  • If the repair is damaged, it must be done with complete cloths, as it is practically impossible to obtain the same shade again. This does not mean that minor repairs cannot be made, they can be done without problems and the resistance will be very similar, although the appearance will not.
  • A frequent problem with microcement is cracks produced by the movement of the subsoil. Therefore, the microcement floor must be sufficiently elastic. If the product is of quality and the application is good, there should be no problems. And if there is, it doesn’t have to be a problem with microcement, it is a problem with the work itself.
  • Poor waterproofing. If the floor is not sealed properly, acidic products can stain the finish.

Photos of microcement floors

Nothing like an example to see what we are talking about and so here you can see some images or photos of microcement on floors and / or walls:

white microcement floors
microcement flooring
microcement flooring
white microcement floors
microcement photo room

Types, finishes and designs of microcement floors

From the point of view of textures, there are basically three types of microcement, the thinnest and smoothest and also with the best aspect that normally applies to interiors of houses, a little rougher, also known as microconcrete and that is also used in interiors, but in places of great movement of people, as a center commercial. And finally, a type of microcement that is much rougher to the touch, with a slightly more coarse appearance, used for exteriors. The differences in most things are not as noticeable as they may appear after reading these lines.

About microcement colors They are obtained from the application of pigments during the mixing process, which on the one hand has the advantage of personalization, although on the other hand it complicates the task of combining the tones. Although the most frequent colors in microcement applications are gray and white, the possibilities are very high, from red to blue, passing through yellow.

About microcement floor finishes we can find them in matte, shiny or satin, just like many other products.

Cost and price of microcement floors

As we have already said, the price of a meter of microcement flooring is high. This is so for several reasons, due to the high cost of the raw material and mainly the labor.

It is relatively easy to find microcement applicators that offer a good price, however, it is much more complex to find a good professional who offers guarantees.

To give you an idea, approximately the price of the applied microcement is between € 40-80 / mtwo. It can vary based on several factors: cost of labor, quality of raw material, complexity of work, etc.

Can you put microcement floors in kitchens and bathrooms?

sure Microcement floors can be used in kitchens and bathrooms. In fact, it is an ideal material for these environments, much more than other surfaces, due to its excellent behavior in humid environments.

Care and maintenance of microcement floors

This type of floor does not require much care on a daily basis. Soap and water will be enough to clean microcement floors. Just avoid very aggressive chemicals, which can damage the surface layer and, of course, also blows, because although they are very resistant, they are not infinitely resistant.

During the first weeks after application, ventilation is essential for perfect drying and results.

And if the microcement is scratched

Be aware that the microcement scratches. Like any other material. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid dragging heavy things. Once the floor is scratched, it’s time to fix the problem.

The simplest solution is to sand and reseal the floor. It is not a complex job, but it will take some time and the house will be very dirty. It is comparable to cutting a parquet.

If the scratching of the microcement floor is excessive, it may be necessary to apply a new coat.

Microcement application. Basic steps

Although the application steps may vary slightly from one manufacturer to another, it is normal to follow 6 basic steps:

  1. Applying a coat of primer to the anterior surface. This will improve adherence.
  2. Basic coating. Among other things, it will help to level the surface.
  3. Placing the reinforcement mesh.
  4. Next base layer. With this, adequate support for microcement will be achieved.
  5. Application of fine microcement that already includes pigments.
  6. Application of waterproofing seal.