Multilayer floors: Discover the advantages that this type of parquet offers from its composition, materials, finishes and types of installation

multilayer parquet

Multilayered parquet is essentially a type of wooden floor where each piece is made up of several layers of different materials. The last layer being the only one visible and the one formed by the noble wood.

The great advantage of this type of floor is being able to enjoy exclusivity and authenticity of natural wood without the need for excessive spending. The use of other species and / or materials for the inner layers allows a significant reduction in terms of costs.

But this is not the only advantage, there are others:

  • Overexploitation of certain noble and relatively scarce woods is avoided.
  • Floating installations can be made, which means significant time and cost savings.
  • Unlike laminate flooring, minor repairs can be made, and even stabs.

Multilayer floor composition

External or wear layer

Typically, this layer is made up of a sheet between 2 and 4 millimeters thick. The idea is to use wood of superior quality and better appearance in this layer. A noble species.

It is possible to find multilayer parquet with a thinner outer layer. These have a lower cost and the disadvantage of not being thick enough to make repairs or repairs. It is a product very similar to laminate flooring, although with greater authenticity.

It can be purchased either with applied finish or without finish. The stains or varnishes are the most frequent finishes.


In order to improve performance and / or reduce costs, we can find different options for the inner layers, which usually offer a thickness of approximately 10 millimeters. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.

  • MDF or HDF. It is a fiber board that can be medium or high density. In the case of floors, it is common to use high density tiles and water repellents (additional water resistance). Cost savings and certain improvements are achieved in some solid woods.
  • Solid wood. Usually, some species of conifers, such as pine, paulownia, spruce or poplar.
  • plywood. It is the least frequent option, but it is the best quality and the highest price. The result is more stable and resistant.

Counter face

It is a veneer, with a stabilizing function, normally consisting of light wood such as pine. It is approximately 2-3 mm thick.

Installation of multilayer parquet

Mainly two types of installations can be performed:

  • Fixed on the floor. Glues or adhesives are used to fix the multilayer parquet to the subfloor. This type of installation is more complex, although on the other hand more stable.
  • Floating. In this case, the parquet is not fixed to the ground, but the pieces are joined by a fitting system until the entire surface is covered. The use of an insulator or blanket is necessary for installations floating between the parquet and the basement. Installation is relatively simple, quick and does not require major works.

If there are unevenness in the subfloor, it is necessary to cover them, for example, with leveling paste. With the floating installation and adequate insulation, a few millimeters are saved. In the case of fixed installations, the leveling must be perfect.