Wood veneers are thin sheets of wood, usually a few millimeters long, which are used mainly glued and glued with adhesive to other woods or boards for a clearly aesthetic purpose. It is a way of to achieve superior looking wood at significantly lower cost. It is normally used as a support for other cheaper wood, chipboard, MDF or even other sheets (plywood) that have not passed the filter from an aesthetic point of view.

One of the great advantages of veneers as a raw material for the manufacture of furniture and other decorative elements is that allow the application of varnishes and other products, such as waxes, maintaining the properties and aesthetics that the original wood would have.

Forms

Its use It is very varied in the world of decoration: furniture, doors, kitchens, parquet, cladding, marquetry … If wood veneers have not been part of the vanguard of interior design for some time, it is true that this trend is changing.

We can see how many manufacturers are running to update their catalogs in order to adapt to a demand that seeks naturalness and warmth that only natural products can provide.

We can purchase them in several formats. On the one hand, the separate sheets, which we must then glue on the board or furniture we are working on. And on the other, as part of a plywood or veneered board, a multilayer deck …

Measures

There are many limitations to establishing a standard in terms of measures and thicknesses in the commercialization of slabs. Some of these limitations are defined by the size of the tree or the technique used to obtain the veneer.

Thickness: You can easily find plates with thicknesses from 1.5 mm to 0.5 mm. However, it is usually 0.5 mm and 0.8 mm.

Dimensions: In the case of acquisition of plates already fixed in veneered plates, there are standardized measures in the market. The most common is 244 × 122 cm.

Regarding single sheets:

  • Samples: 30 × 20 cm approx.
  • Leaves: 60 × 25 centimeters approx.
  • Leaves: 40 × 200 centimeters approx.

Types of veneers

Veneers can be classified using different criteria. The main ones are:

Normal vs oddities. The difference is that it is a normal veneer, taking into account the species from which it was obtained or if it has particularities that make it special (striated, colored).

Species. Depending on the tree from which it is obtained. For example: poplar, ash, walnut, wenge, zebrawood …

Treated vs. untreated. On some occasions, the sheets are sold already colored, pre-composed, etc.

The union of the plates or composition

There are different techniques for ordering or placing dishes and obtaining different effects. The main ones are:

  • Book. This is a very common design that offers a very symmetrical appearance. In this, the plates are joined two by two giving the impression of an open book.
  • Waves. Shifted parallel to the vertical axis.
  • Diamond. Four rectangular plates symmetrical in relation to the vertical and horizontal axes and whose fibers form a rhombus.
  • Others: In the box, counter box, cross, chess board, in the center …

Benefits of wood veneers

  • Allows avoid overexploiting some spices of trees, since many meters of leaf can be obtained from the same tree.
  • They offer the warmth and naturalness of natural wood. This is an advantage over ubiquitous melamine.
  • They can be used for large jobs. They are usually sold consecutively to maintain aesthetic uniformity in relation to the grain and shade of the tree. If we buy from different suppliers or even from the same, but at different times, there is a risk of significant differences in tone. This is natural, no two trees are alike, much less if they are not cut in the same area.
  • When using natural wood veneers we will have at your disposal with total security a widest range of possibilities than we would have if we were looking for solid wood.
  • Unlike laminates can be repaired without excessive complications, practically the same as any other wood. It can be sanded and products such as varnishes or waxes can be applied.
  • The result at the edges is much better than that obtained in laminates or similar, where there is a thin black line resulting from adhesives.
  • The use of veneers makes it possible to make furniture from some types of wood that would normally not be possible due to the natural processes of expansion and contraction of these woods.
  • The manufacture of wood veneers requires less energy, so it is a material that, in addition to being natural, is more environmentally friendly.

How do you get natural wood veneer?

There are basically 2 ways to get veneers from a tree: unroll or flatten. Both methods use a blade, not a saw.

  • Unrolling: The trunk is rotated in front of a blade, so that the leaf comes out. It is the most used method.
  • For the plane: The trunk is fixed and a blade makes passes to obtain the sheet.