The small Central American country is outdoing itself: in 2017, renewable energy production covered 99.62% of the country’s electricity needs. A figure that also exceeds the records of 2015 and 2016.
Third record year for renewable energies in Costa Rica.
There is no two without three, you would say when looking at Costa Rica’s energy production. For the third year in a row, the country covered its electricity consumption almost exclusively from renewable sources. This is confirmed by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (Grupo ICE), the state-owned company responsible for electricity and telecommunications services: data from the National Energy Control Center clearly shows that Costa Rica does not use that clean energy for 300 days. This figure is even better than that of 2015 and 2016, years in which renewable energies powered the country for 299 and 271 days respectively.
A record that continues to surprise despite all the peculiarities of the case. The nation, in fact, is only 4.8 million people, just over half of London’s citizens, and huge hydroelectric plants do most of the work. Today, 78.26% of the electricity used nationwide comes from water.
The combination also includes 10.29% wind power, 10.23% geothermal energy, and 0.84% solar and biomass energy. In other words, renewable sources meet 99.62% of the country’s electricity needs. If on the one hand photovoltaic energy still has a marginal share, on the other hand wind energy is one of the rapidly developing sectors in the country. The growth trend from 1996 (year of the first wind farm in Costa Rica) to date has seen a small but steady acceleration. So much so that, according to the JEV, 2017 can be considered the most important year for wind energy production in national history, with 1,015 gigawatt hours generated by the 16 wind farms installed in the territory.
Obviously, the size and the environment help a lot this small South American country which does not want to rest on its laurels. The government has set a clear target for 2021: to become completely carbon neutral. The plan also includes transportation. In Congress, there are two legislative proposals for alternative mobility which, if approved, would introduce tax exemptions for importing electric cars, create a nationwide network of charging stations, and force electrification of part of the parking lot. public. It is also the first country to have signed an agreement with the Dutch airline KLM to reduce CO2 emissions from aviation.