Properties, benefits and uses of artichoke

Artichoke is a food rich in fiber, which also contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals. Thus, this food offers innumerable benefits to man. In addition to its use in cooking, artichoke is ideal for treating and preventing diseases, especially those associated with metabolism.

Below we provide you with all the information you need to know about artichoke, one of the most complete foods and a very healthy product. Once you know its benefits, we assure you that you will always want to consume it.

What is artichoke?

The artichoke has been one of the most consumed foods of mankind since ancient times, so much so that in ancient Rome it was an important part of mankind’s diet. In the Middle Ages, it was introduced to England by King Henry VII, so it was considered a food for royalty and the most relevant class of the time, being considered food for the rich, due to its high cost at this time.

The artichoke itself is a kind of flower, in which its leaves are joined in the form of scales. This type of vegetable has a green color in most cases, although some can be seen in purple as well.

Regarding its production, we can say that in Spain it represents between 30% and 40% of the production of the world harvest, followed by countries like Italy and Africa, where artichoke seedlings are done on a large scale.

Technical sheet.

Scientific name. Cynara scolymus.
Common name. Artichoke, artichoke.
Category. Vegetable.
Family. Asteraceae.
Origin. Southern Europe and North Africa.
Weather. Hot, with harvest between the months of October to April.
The description: Plant with thick, semi-oval leaves with edible round shoots, eaten fresh or in preparation.

It is an excellent product that promotes the proper functioning of the digestive system, allowing the body to burn calories, while maintaining control of bad cholesterol.

Properties of artichoke.

Artichoke is a food rich in vitamins and minerals. For 100 grams of artichoke you can find the following components:

Calories 47
Total fats 0.2 grams
Polyunsaturated fatty acids 0.1 gram
Sodium 94 milligrams
Potassium 370 milligrams
Sugar 1 gram
Fibers 5 grams
Protein 3.3 grams
Vitamin A 13 UI
Vitamin C 11.7 milligrams
Vitamin B6 0.1 milligram
Magnesium 60 milligrams
Calcium 44 milligrams
Iron 1.3 milligrams

Benefits of artichoke.

  • It helps reduce bad cholesterol and increases the production of good cholesterol, or HDL.
  • Prevents arteriosclerosis.
  • The bitter components promote the proper functioning of the digestive system in case of constipation or diarrhea. In addition to this, it promotes the elimination of bile flow.
  • It is recommended in treatments to fight against anemia, diabetes, rheumatic diseases and in case of gallstones.
  • Lowers triglyceride levels, thus contributing to the maintenance and proper functioning of our cardiovascular system.
  • It is used to relieve abdominal pain and heartburn.
  • Relieves the discomfort of nausea or vomiting.
  • Thanks to its high fiber content, it helps to control appetite and makes our stomach feel full. For this reason, artichoke is frequently used in cases of diet to lose weight.
  • It is a powerful diuretic, helping to prevent the formation of kidney stones.
  • It helps in reducing the levels of urea and uric acid in the blood.
  • Thanks to its low carbohydrate content, the consumption of artichoke is recommended in diabetic patients.

How to prepare artichokes.

There is a wide variety of recipes for preparing artichokes. However, the first thing to consider is removing hard surface blades and cutting off the bad tips with a knife or scissors.

Subsequently, the artichoke is boiled in salted water for about 45 minutes. Once cooked, the preparation is simple, since you can add it either in salads, accompanied in sauce or sautéed with other vegetables. They can also be prepared stuffed or baked.

As a diuretic, it is recommended to boil the artichoke and drink its liquid during the day instead of natural water.

Remember to always consult your doctor before starting any treatment with herbal remedies.