To speak of Palisandro is to speak of noble woods and furniture of great beauty. But we cannot do it as if it were a single forest, it is a genre, where some of the most beautiful forests are found.
To speak in rosewood means for many to speak of noble woods, furniture of great beauty, veins and incredible colors of the most striking in the world of wood.
It is not a single wood, when we talk about rosewood we refer to the genus, Dalbergia, composed of a few dozen species around the world: Central and South America, Africa, India or Thailand.
Some of the rosewood species are threatened. It is due to several factors, including deforestation, illegal logging and overexploitation. Therefore, in some places exploitation has been controlled and / or totally prohibited.
It would not be right to simplify and say that all rosewood is the same. As we have already said, these are several species that are found naturally in practically all continents.
Some common and approximate characteristics are:
- Very dense woods, above 900 kg / m3it’s difficult.
- Very resistant against fungi and insects.
- If we add to the overexploitation, which are slow growing species, we find scarce and expensive wood.
- They are small trees, shrubs in many cases, so the pieces of wood usually have small dimensions.
- Brown and reddish cabbages predominate, although there are clear exceptions, as we will see.
- Some species can cause allergic reactions.
Types of rosewood
The most popular types of rosewood are:
- Cocobolo (Dalbergia retusa) Originating in Central America, its colors vary from yellow, orange, red or brown, to purple or even black. It has an interesting natural glow.
- Granadillo (Dalbergia melanoxylon) It is characterized by an intense black color, so it is often confused with ebony. It is a particularly dense wood, reaching up to 1,300 kg / m3. It is native to Savannah and some areas of Southern Africa.
- Tulipwood (Dalbergia decipularis) Originating in some regions of Brazil, the tulip has an interesting stripe and varied color combination: yellow, red, orange and pink. It is a particularly rare wood.
- Indian Rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia) The heartwood varies from golden brown to brown with violet tones, while the veins are dark brown. It gets dark over time. Its commercialization is very controlled. It is not yet considered an endangered species, although it is close to being one.
- Rosewood from Madagascar (Dalbergia baronii) Very good design. It ranges from a golden brown to a reddish brown. The sapwood with yellow tones is clearly differentiated. It is not on the list of endangered species.
- Brazilian Rosewood or Jaracanda (Dalbergia nigra) Its tones range from chocolate to violet. It is an endangered species and its trade is prohibited. However, you can find Brazilian rosewood furniture that is decades or even centuries old. When working it has a characteristic smell of rose.
Uses of rosewood
We are faced with woods of great beauty coveted mainly for the most exclusive uses:
- Quality cabinets and / or furniture.
- Musical instruments.
- Wood veneers.
- Sculptures and crafts.
- Pool table.