Saffron, properties, benefits and uses

Meet the saffron! It is a spice that derives from the 3 dry stigmas of the pistil of the flower known as Crocus sativus, a species that belongs to the genus Crocus within the Iridaceae family.

Saffron comes from Asia Minor, from a region close to Kashmir, more precisely from ancient Persia (Iran), but it is cultivated in several countries of southern Europe such as Italy in Aquila, the region of Danube, France in Gatineau and of course Spain, where it is cultivated in many provinces.

In Spain in particular, saffron is cultivated in the Levantine region, where the saffron of Valencia is famous, that of Castilla-La Mancha (Cuenca, Ciudad Real), Extremadura, Toledo and Albacete, in Aragon and Catalonia.

Spain is the first country in the world to export saffron, and it does so all over the world. Its name was given to it by the Persians safra, which means yellow.

It needs to be in hot climates, with plenty of sun, to grow properly, its harvest being in October.

Specifically, saffron is the stigma of the saffron rose flower, which is left to dry, then sold ground or unground.

They are reddish in color and when crushed and diluted, they are orange-yellow, giving rise to the most expensive spice in the world, because many saffron flowers are needed to obtain 100 g, since each flower has only three stigmata.

Properties of saffron.

Saffron is well known in the world of gastronomy because of its incredible aroma and excellent taste, butdid you know that it also has excellent medicinal properties? Keep reading this article and learn more about this spice !:

Thanks to its bitter components such as picrocrocin and its aromatic characteristics, saffron is able to stimulate the digestive system, increase the secretion of saliva and gastric secretions, besides being an excellent aperitif and eupeptic remedy.

Saffron contains crocetin, a choleretic component that stimulates the production of bile, which prevents stones in the gallbladder and aids the digestive process.

Due to its antispasmodic properties, saffron is able to treat dysmenorrhea and premenstrual symptoms.

It is an excellent antioxidant, so it slows down aging and fights free radicals in the body.

Due to its crocetin content, saffron is excellent for improving learning, cognitive abilities, and memory.

Benefits of saffron.

Due to its excellent properties, saffron is excellent for treating various ailments of the body:

  • Improves blood circulation and heals wounds.
  • Helps lower cholesterol and triglycerides.
  • Helps in the treatment of arthritis and atherosclerosis.
  • It has antidepressant properties.
  • It’s a blood purifier.
  • Relieves fatigue and muscle inflammation.
  • Promotes learning, resilience and memory retention.
  • Relieves joint pain and arthritis.
  • Improves heartburn and gas problems.
  • Reduce fever.
  • Improves eye health and vision.
  • Helps with kidney, liver and bladder disorders.
  • It contains aromatic compounds with sedative action, which facilitates relaxation and helps us fall asleep.

Uses of saffron.

In addition to its use in paella and soups to which we are already very accustomed, it can be used in:

  • Infusion: Add 2gr of saffron for each liter of water. You can take up to 3 cups per day.
  • dust: It is generally used to speed up menstruation and as a carminative.
  • Dyeing: In the form of a tincture (extraction with ethanol or ethyl alcohol), it is rubbed directly on the gums, slowing down oral pain.

Remember to consult your doctor if you have any questions.