We present the fourth edition of the “Technical Manual of Solar Thermal Energy”. In this edition, in addition to solar, other renewable energies such as aerothermal energy, biomass or microcogeneration have been incorporated.
With regard to aerothermal energy, in our climatic zone, with annual average temperatures of 15 ° C, the air-cooled heat pump is the most suitable and economical solution. The European Parliament already considers aerothermal energy to be renewable. Regarding biomass, we integrate a complete range of small and medium power boilers, for pellets, firewood, wood pellets and multi-fuels (with the possibility of incorporating a traditional energy burner). Of microcogeneration, in each situation, the energy, physical and operational characteristics will determine the optimal solution: microcogeneration or solar collection.
Regarding the novelties, in addition to those described in relation to other renewable energies, we will highlight: Hydraulic units, we are expanding the range and the possibilities of coupling the different regulations, always looking for practical solutions that simplify the work of the installer; Tubular exchangers in stainless steel, titanium and cupro-nickel, an alloy of copper and nickel, non-corrosive in seawater and at more affordable costs than titanium; Forced systems IDROSOL, equipment for the production of DHW which integrates in a set and in the minimum possible space, all the components necessary for the installation, with different accumulators and collectors, more than 40 installation solutions.
1. BASICS ON SOLAR ENERGY.
1.1. Market development in Spain.
1.2. Energy capture and efficiency curves.
1.3. The solar collector.
1.4. Concepts on facilities.
1.5. Tables for the abbreviated calculation.
2. DESIGN OF FACILITIES.
2.1. Legal dispositions.
2.1.1. Summary of current standards.
2.1.2. RITE 2007.
2.1.3. Building Code HE 4.
2.2. ESCOSOL SF calculation program 1.
3. SOLAR SYSTEMS
3.1. Flat collectors :.
3.1.2. SOLAR ENERGY.
3.2. “U” PIPE and HEAT PIPE vacuum tube collectors.
3.3. ESCOPOOL swimming pool collectors.
3.4. Compact thermosiphon equipment. Flat collectors.
3.5. Compact equipment for thermosiphon vacuum tubes.
3.6. HP 160 compact SOLAR ENERGY.
3.7. DHW and heating forced production systems:
3.7.1. ACS IDROSOL production equipment.
3.7.2. Solar production DHW + heat pump.
3.7.3. “DRAIN BACK” systems.
3.7.4. DHW production equipment and heating aid.
4. COMPLEMENTS FOR SOLAR INSTALLATIONS.
4.1. Universal support:
4.1.1. Galvanized flat collector supports.
4.1.2. Flat aluminum collector supports.
4.2. Regulation systems:
4.2.1. MUNDOCONTROL regulation.
4.2.2. ESCOSOL regulation, centralized systems with centralized monitoring.
4.2.3. RESOL regulations.
4.3. Hydraulic accessories:
4.3.1. Safety valves, versatile and thermostatic mixers.
4.3.2. Flow regulators and dynamic balancing valves.
4.3.3. Expansion vessels.
4.3.4. Mixing valves, zone and solar kit for boiler.
4.4. Installation plugins:
4.4.1. Prefabricated connection pipes.
4.4.2. Hydraulic groups.
4.4.4. Energy meters, circulators and heat transfer fluid filling pumps.
4.4.5. Plate heat exchangers.
4.4.6. Tubular exchangers.
4.4.7. Hydraulic kits for centralized installations.
4.4.8. Dynamic heat sinks.
4.4.9. Static heat sinks.
4.4.10. Solar boiler, collector with integrated heat sink.
4.4.11 Instant electrical support equipment.
4.4.12. Cathodic protection anodes.
4.4.13. Insulation of solar installations.
4.5. DHW storage and production systems:
4.5.1. Storage tanks with low resistance capacity.
4.5.2. Electric water heaters.
4.5.3. Small and medium capacity accumulators.
4.5.4. Large capacity accumulators.
4.5.5. Small and medium capacity accumulators.
4.5.6. Large capacity accumulators.
4.5.7. Thermal inertia tanks.
5. DESIGN OF TYPICAL FACILITIES.
5.1. Individual installations.
5.1.2. Third sector.
5.2. Multi-dwelling collective installations.
6.1. Heat pumps for DHW:
6.1.1. Compact DHW heat pumps.
6.1.2. Heat pumps for ACS SPLIT.
6.2. Heat pump for DHW production and air conditioning.
7. BIOMASS BOILERS.
Annex I: Definitions.
Annex II: Temperature tables.
Annex III: Solar radiation tables.
Annex IV: Technical building code HE 4.
Annex V: Price list for solar energy and domestic hot water.