Spruce wood is a light and light wood of limited and abundant durability. It is native to northern Europe, from the Spanish Pyrenees to Russia.

This conifer is popularly considered a spruce and in many ways it looks like it. Although it really isn’t, that’s why it’s also known as fake fir.

Scientific name: Abies Abies.

Features of spruce wood

Color: The sapwood is yellowish-white and the heartwood is yellow, reaching reddish tones.

Fiber: In a straight line.

Grain: Medium to fine.

Characteristic defects: Generally, there are some small, prominent knots.

Density: Light wood, approximately 450 kg / m3.

Toughness: 2.2 according to the Monnin test. Softwood.

Durability: It is not considered a durable wood. It is susceptible to the action of fungi and insects. It must always be treated.

Dimensional stability: It is moderately stable wood.

  • Volumetric retraction rate of 0.44%. A little nervous.

Mechanical properties:

  • Compressive strength: 470 kg / cm2
  • Static flexural strength: 795 kg / cm2
  • Modulus of elasticity: 121,000 kg / cm2

Impregnation: Slightly impregnable sapwood, heartwood not impregnable.


  • Easy sawing
  • Drying. Fast, although at risk of injury.
  • Easy brushing.
  • Acceptable bonding.
  • It can crack in front of nailing and screwing.
  • Irregular finish.

Uses of spruce wood

  • Interior assembly carpentry.
  • Interior carpentry: moldings, moldings, baseboards …
  • On boats, the mast.
  • Affordable furniture.
  • Decorative plates.
  • Boxes and packaging.