Spruce wood is a light and light wood of limited and abundant durability. It is native to northern Europe, from the Spanish Pyrenees to Russia.
This conifer is popularly considered a spruce and in many ways it looks like it. Although it really isn’t, that’s why it’s also known as fake fir.
Scientific name: Abies Abies.
Features of spruce wood
Color: The sapwood is yellowish-white and the heartwood is yellow, reaching reddish tones.
Fiber: In a straight line.
Grain: Medium to fine.
Characteristic defects: Generally, there are some small, prominent knots.
Density: Light wood, approximately 450 kg / m3.
Toughness: 2.2 according to the Monnin test. Softwood.
Durability: It is not considered a durable wood. It is susceptible to the action of fungi and insects. It must always be treated.
Dimensional stability: It is moderately stable wood.
- Volumetric retraction rate of 0.44%. A little nervous.
- Compressive strength: 470 kg / cm2
- Static flexural strength: 795 kg / cm2
- Modulus of elasticity: 121,000 kg / cm2
Impregnation: Slightly impregnable sapwood, heartwood not impregnable.
- Easy sawing
- Drying. Fast, although at risk of injury.
- Easy brushing.
- Acceptable bonding.
- It can crack in front of nailing and screwing.
- Irregular finish.
Uses of spruce wood
- Interior assembly carpentry.
- Interior carpentry: moldings, moldings, baseboards …
- On boats, the mast.
- Affordable furniture.
- Decorative plates.
- Boxes and packaging.