As water accumulates around the drain, you feel a stomach upset. He fears another expensive visit from the plumber. However, you can usually fix clogged drains yourself easily. An average homeowner should be able to unblock most obstructions in two hours or less, depending on the difficulty of the obstruction. This article explains several simple ways to unclog drains and how to prevent them from clogging again in the future.
Clean the filters and stops
Many obstructions occur around the filter or the top of the sink or bathtub. To unclog the drain, you just need to remove the filter and clean it. Here are some tips:
If there is a filter on the clogged drain, you must remove the screws that secure the filter and then lift it with the tip of a regular screwdriver. When the filter comes loose, remove it and wash it to remove anything that has become stuck around the filter. Clean around the top of the drain.
The tips should be cleaned regularly, as they tend to curl the hair around the base. First remove the top of the sink. Some stops are removed by rotating them with your fingers. Others require that the pivot rod connected to the opening be unscrewed. This rod must be located under the base of the sink. If you need to use tweezers to remove the cork, be sure to put something soft in the middle to avoid chipping the chrome finish. After removing the cover, clean it and pull the base out of the drain opening.
Using the plunger to unblock drains
One of the most commonly used tools to unblock clogged drains, the plunger, can usually remove the clog if it is not too far from the main drain. Follow these tips to make using the plunger more effective:
Block overflow holes with damp rags, other drains in adjacent sinks or sinks, or any other openings.
If there is no more water in the sink, place 5 to 7 cm of water in the drain hole. The water helps to clear the clog and lets you know if you were successful in removing it.
Apply a thick layer of petroleum jelly to the plunger edge. Vaseline helps to create a firmer seal, producing more suction.
Push the plunger lever down hard many times. After doing this for a minute or two, stop to see if the water in the sink or sink is going down the drain. Try to repeat again if drainage is still slow. When it cleans, run hot water to remove any remaining clogging particles.
Clean the siphon
If a plunger does not clear the clog, you will need to clean the siphon located under the sink or sink as follows to unblock the drains:
Step 1. Make sure you have a bucket on hand to collect the residual water.
Step 2. Checks if there is a cleaning buffer in the siphon; It will be a square or hexagonal plug at the base of the elbow. If so, remove the cap and insert a stretched hanger or bottle brush in a circular motion at the siphon elbows to remove debris.
step 3. If the siphon does not have a cleaning plug, remove the siphon by loosening the two couplings that hold it in place. If you have chrome pipe fittings, you need to wrap the water pump clamp in something soft to protect the finish. Oil penetration can help loosen a stuck siphon connection.
Step 4. Hold the siphon above the bucket and insert a stretched hanger or bottle brush into the siphon. Push the hanger or bottle brush in a circle around the curves and push the waste.
Step 5. Clean the siphon with hot, soapy water.
Step 6. Before making the connection again, check the siphon for wear or corrosion. Metal or plastic material can start to wear and leak. If you notice wear, replace the siphon. When reassembling the siphon after cleaning, it may be necessary to reseal the wires. Use pipe joint compound or Teflon tape.
How to Use a Plumber’s Drill to Unclog a Drain
If the siphon is clean and the drain is still clogged, the blockage is further away from the sink drain pipe or the main drain or the general pipe. To clear these drains, you will need a plumber’s drill or, as it is also called a plunger. Use it as follows:
Step 1. With the siphon off, insert the bit into the drain pipe and push until you find the obstruction.
Step 2. When the plunger end reaches clogging, try to hook it by turning the handle clockwise.
step 3. When it is firmly hooked, rotate and push the obstruction repeatedly until it breaks. Rinse the tubing with cold water.
Step 4. Once the obstruction is removed, reassemble the sink siphon. When reassembling the siphon after cleaning, you will need to reseal the wires. Use pipe joint compound or Teflon tape. Let the water run for a few minutes to make sure that the clog has been completely removed and the siphon has not leaked where it was reconnected.
Unclog with drain cleaning chemicals
If the above methods fail, the next logical step is to use a chemical drain cleaner. Generally fast-acting chemical drain cleaners contain a high concentration of bleach or sulfuric acid to dissolve all types of obstructions quickly and efficiently. Care must be taken when handling these chemicals to unclog drains, they must be kept out of the reach of children and pets, and also during use, avoid breathing the gases they emit.
When using a chemical drain plunger, be sure to read and follow all instructions and bottle warnings. After following the instructions on the bottle and unblocking the drain, remember to run plenty of water to remove chemicals from the pipes.
Unclog the main drain
If more than one sink, sink or toilet is clogged, it will be necessary to clean the main drain line.
Step 1. To clean the main drain line, locate the cleaning plugs located on the large drain tubes. Look for these obstructions on the steps in your basement or crawl space. In some houses, drains can be located in the garage or pantry, or you can access these plugs from the outside along the foundation of the house. These tubes will generally be vertical, but occasionally the plug may be located on a horizontal tube.
Step 2. When you find a steel or plastic cap for the tubes with a square connector at the top, remove the connector with a wrench. Make sure you have a bucket handy when opening the drain.
step 3. Use a plumber’s drill to remove any obstructions. Be sure to insert the auger in both directions of the tube. You can also use a powerful water jet from your garden hose to break up any residue.
Step 4. Replace the steel cap on the drain pipe.
How to prevent clogging drains
Kitchen Sink Tips
Do not put grease in cans and throw them away. When you empty the fat in the sink, fat accumulates on the sides of the tube and food particles stick to the tube, contributing to clogging over time. In addition, too much grease can lead to clogged drains because bacteria in sewage systems cannot break down fat easily.
When grinding food in the grinder, if any, pour plenty of cold water to drop the food particles into the pipe. Using too little water can contribute to the accumulation of particles on the sides of the tube.
Pour enough boiling water down the drain once a week to melt any accumulated fat.
Clean the sink pop-up plugs frequently. Hair usually accumulates causing blockages.
Never put thick paper products down the drain. Excessive paper can clog the toilet and / or the entire sewer system.
Never pour chemicals like paint or thinner down the drain. Avoid pouring hot wax or other substances into drains.
If you have your own septic tank, request a professional inspection every two or three years. Some regions require regular septic tank inspections.
Every six months, keep your drains clean using a non-caustic drain cleaner.