In the coming years, the ranking of the largest producers of solar energy will change considerably. Solar power is gaining momentum in big countries like India and the United States, predicting a huge leap forward on the global stage. Use of data collected by PowerWeb, we can make a ranking of the countries with the highest installed capacity for solar energy production.
In recent years, governments around the world have implemented measures to encourage the development of solar energy in their countries, both at the national level and at the grid level (using incentives of various kinds). Regardless of the method, there is plenty of promising data to suggest that solar power will be a major asset in power generation on a global scale.
Without further ado, here are the top 10 solar power producing countries:
1. China (130.4 GW).
Frankly, China leaves a lot to be desired when it comes to the environment. This perception is something that may explain why their recent efforts haven’t received much attention, as the country increased its solar capacity by 81% last year. The country aims to produce 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. In 2014, the country accounted for up to 70% of the total solar thermal capacity installed in the world. Recently, China activated the world’s largest floating solar power plant.
2. United States (85.3 GW).
America has the technology, the talent, and the environmental conditions to scale up solar power (not to mention the ever-increasing demand). But political support for renewables has been spotty, and with Trump pulling the United States out of the Paris Agreement, the future of solar power in America is far from bright. However, some states have set big targets for renewables in general, and solar in particular. Today, the United States is home to many of the largest solar installations in the world, as well as some very advanced home installations. The United States manages to lower prices every year.
3. Japan (63.3 GW).
With technology and industry, Japan was one of the first to develop solar energy on a large scale and continues to innovate in the sector, with the goal of solar energy meeting 10% of demand. energy supply by 2050.
4. India (57.4 GW).
India started deploying solar power on a large scale in 2011, it is expected to make great strides in production by 2020, with the World Bank providing $ 1 billion in loans this year alone. Its solar boom has just started, the government aims to have an installed capacity of 100 GW by 2022. As a developing country, solar energy also plays an important role in heating or purifying water in many parts of India. In addition, prices being particularly low for this energy, the government is canceling plans to build several coal-fired power stations.
5. Germany (48.4 GW).
Germany has made headlines in recent years for its commitment to renewable energy. Its Energiewende strategy aims to ensure that by 2050 the country obtains at least 60% of its energy from renewable sources as part of its campaign to reduce carbon emissions. It is the first country in Europe in renewable energy, Germany has nearly 30 photovoltaic plants, each producing at least 20 MW per year. And, like the UK, the country is breaking its own solar records this year.
6. Italy (22.6 GW).
Italy’s presence in the ranking is atypical since it is a net importer of energy. Solar energy represents nearly 10% of the country’s energy mix and is expected to double over the next decade. This method of electricity production represents not only an opportunity for Italy to exploit a resource which it has in abundance, but also an opportunity to reduce energy dependence from abroad.
7. United Kingdom (14.2 GW).
The UK overtook France and Spain in 2015 in terms of installed capacity. Along with large commercial solar installations, successive governments have supported initiatives that encourage the installation of solar panels in schools and private homes. Between April and September 2016, solar panels in the UK produced more electricity than coal – on a particularly sunny day, solar farms produced six times more energy than coal.
8. France (12.8 GW).
With a strong economy and a well-developed energy sector, it’s no wonder solar power has taken off in France. In fact, she wants to pave 1000 km of her roads with solar panels.
9. Australia (12.2 GW).
Since 2009, the presence of solar energy in Australia has exploded. To date, the country has around 20 solar projects (with a capacity greater than 1 MW) in various stages of completion. But these promising results do not give the whole picture. Australia will have the world’s largest solar energy storage plant.
10. Pakistan (10 GW).
Pakistan inaugurated its first photovoltaic power plant in 2012. The Quaid-e-Azam solar park, at the center of its solar strategy, is a project which, when fully operational, will have a capacity of 1 GW and will be the largest of its kind. in the world. Due to the recent drop in global tariffs, Pakistan is preparing to launch energy auctions that could further lower solar energy prices.