There are small residential wind turbines that can be used to generate the electricity your home needs. You just have to weigh between the pros and cons that this decision may have.
Generating electricity for the home using a wind turbine has many Environmental benefits. Although this is a renewable and sustainable source of production, you need to carefully consider whether this power generation solution is the right one for you.
Assessment of the installation site.
You must first determine if the wind resource is suitable for your home. Consider typical wind speeds at particular altitudes on an annual or seasonal basis.
Turbines require a minimum wind speed 7-10 mph produce energy and reach a high production threshold at wind speeds of 25 to 30 mph.
The area should be free of obstacles so that the wind can circulate freely. The ideal is coastal areas because the average wind speed is above 13 mph.
Choice of turbine.
There are two basic styles:
- Located on poles.
- Mounted on the roof.
There are a variety of sizes and models, some only generate 100W while there are others that can power an entire house. While the smaller it is, the less energy it will produce.
It is important to consider the look and sound it makes when operating. Quiet ones produce noise below 40 decibels, similar to a refrigerator.
Choice of installer.
You will need an expert professional for the placement of the turbine. It is recommended to perform a energetic audience at home to reduce the risk of mistakes.
You may need the construction of a tower for the installation of the wind turbine. Check your local ordinances first so you don’t have any problems later.
Benefits of residential wind turbines.
- Turbines produce clean energy without generating emissions that can harm the environment.
- Capturing energy from the wind is free and is considered a renewable resource.
- The full cost of purchasing and installing a wind turbine can normally be recouped over a period of several years, depending on each individual case.
- If you generate more electricity than you use, you can sell the excess to your local utility company.
- You can benefit from tax incentives at the local or national level.
Disadvantages of domestic wind power.
- There are many upfront costs associated with installing a wind turbine.
- Turbines require a lot of land.
- Turbines need the wind to generate energy. If you live in an area that doesn’t blow enough wind, this might not be a good option for you.
- Some areas have restrictions on the use of turbines in residential areas. Consult your city council.
- Your neighbors may not like the look of your turbine and may be annoyed by the noise it makes.
- In terms of efficiency, turbines typically operate at a capacity of around 30%. Although this seems low, it is still higher than photovoltaic solar panels, averaging only 15%.
- Turbine blades can sometimes injure or kill birds.
- Lightning can damage wind turbines.