If you like hardwood floors, you may have thought about placing this type of flooring or siding in a certain space in the house, as they can be a good option for every room given that we can find different types of parquet as we will explain below.
Basically in wooden floors the best known of all is parquet, but we can also find different types in order to see what each one looks like and what to consider when choosing one. or the other.
The different types of parquet
To guide you when purchasing a wood floor it is good to be informed of the many existing examples, in order to choose the one that best suits our needs. That’s why we want to help you learn to distinguish the peculiarities of each model.
At choose a floor For a home, office, store, gym or workshop, it is necessary to evaluate several important factors, such as the type of environment in which it should be placed and the style of the furniture that we are going to place. on this floor. In addition, we will have to take into account that there are different types of floors depending on their characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, and thus be able to select the most suitable for our needs. Let’s take a look at the different existing parquet floors.
Traditional parquet or solid parquet
This type of soil this is the classic floor entirely in solid wood, composed of wooden elements with a thickness of 10 to 24 millimeters. It is a floor fitted with male-female joints on all four sides, to ensure maximum stability during installation, or there are variants without joints.
Solid parquet is sold raw, that is, it receives painted, waxed, oiled, sanded and polished finishes during installation, which takes several days. For this reason, choosing a traditional wooden parquet is generally not recommended in renovation work, as it takes 30-40 days for the entire treatment cycle.
One of the advantages is that lends itself well to the creation of various decorations, such as geometric inlays and designs, to give each room an artistic touch. It can also be sanded multiple times to remove worn parts and become like new again.
Multilayer parquet not entirely solid wood, but is structured in 2 layers with seams on the sides. The top layer, in view, is always of noble wood and has a thickness that varies from 2.5 to 5 millimeters and the one below, called the support, is created with the assembly of several slats of soft and poor wood, usually in fir or birch and serves to stop the growths that come from the noble coating, to make the ground completely stable.
There is also a 3-layer multi-layer parquet , so called because a sheet is added under the support, the so-called counterweight, which can be noble wood, spruce or birch. This type of soil has the advantage of be laid much faster than traditional parquet, It only takes three working days and is immediately usable.
The finishing operations are carried out in the laboratory before assembly, thus avoiding the annoying fumes of paint odors and the lifting of dust inevitably created during the polishing processes. A point against classic parquet is that prefinished is not suitable for making artistic decorations, so in general it has a much simpler and more linear design.
Glued or classic parquet
Classic parquet, usually in old wood from beams and planks, it is usually placed from sheets 4 or 5 mm thick which are glued to birch wood supports, themselves supported by a sheet, the counterweight, with a thickness of between 6 and 7 millimeters.
The parquet reaches a total thickness of about 18 millimeters and to restore vigor to the essence which covers the most superficial layer, called old patina, special paints, oils and waxes are applied. A classic parquet is considered a precious floor for its elegance and originality, as well as for its remarkable solidity (since the wood of which it is made has undergone a long drying time), it is particularly suitable for refined and classic style environments.
Laminate floors are those floors that is placed under the float technique which consists of assembling the floor without the use of glues. the the bands, in fact, simply combine so that they stay together and rest on the ground, so the latter must be covered with a sheet of insulating material able to even out the contact of the laminate flooring with the laying surface and, at the same time, to avoid rising damp and the propagation of noise (the materials used are generally a nylon sheet, a bituminous sheath or a closed polyethylene sheet approximately 2 mm thick).
It goes without saying that the layer to be laid on the underlying floor or on the solid wood must be able to withstand static and dynamic loads, depending on the destination of the floor and, in all cases, it will serve to guarantee a smooth and homogeneous on the bed.
Industrial parquet has had a huge spread in recent years, not only in workplaces such as factories and workshops, but also in residential environments, as it is economical, durable and has a good aesthetic impact; It is economical, because it is built with waste wood from other processes or with the recovery and mosaic assembly of the less valuable parts of the wood. It is composed of strips 10 to 22 millimeters thick, even different types of wood, which are laid out in tiles.
To give the floor more thickness, strength and durability, wood elements are cut places, rather than flat like in other types of parquet, so that the color tones of the different species are highlighted, creating a special effect that makes it suitable for modern style. It can be solid or prefinished, it can be sanded multiple times to restore the surface.
Unbeatable for the economy, it is a false parquet, Used especially in areas subject to intense pedestrian traffic such as offices, shops, public places, it has a very robust structure, characterized by the union of different materials. The central part is made of a panel of wood fibers and resinous binders, covered with a printed paper that faithfully reproduces the appearance of various woods, in grain and colors, to guarantee an almost perfect resemblance to real parquet.
The designs are made using digital printing and there are no limits to the customization of the individual boards. A transparent film is placed on the decorative layer, the layer, based on melamine resins and aluminum oxide, which protects the floor from abrasion and makes it more resistant to wear. Under the central panel is the counterweight sheet to achieve complete solidity and, thanks to the tapping of the boards, the laminate parquet can be attached without using glue, with interlocking techniques, even on existing floors with ceramic tiles, carpets or on old parquet.
One of the great options you have available is bamboo floors. One of the characteristics that sets it apart is that this wood expands and contracts much less than other types of wood, making it a more stable floor.
Another characteristic that distinguishes this type of soil is that it is antistatic, antiallergic, more durable and resistant than other types of soil. At the same time, it is classified as a more environmentally friendly and sustainable option than other types of natural woods, as bamboo is considered an “unlimited” resource because its growth rate is exceptional.
Wood effect vinyl flooring
Vinyl floors, also known as PVC floors or synthetic floors, are floors that offer great resistance and are not affected by humidity. We will include them in this article because, although they are not made of wood, they do have some. wood effects it can be useful and interesting for any space.
To give you a rough idea, vinyl floors tend to look like laminate floors, they stick to the ground floor and therefore need to be fully regulated. This type of floor is often used in areas such as the bathroom or kitchen, because in addition to its durability, they are also easy to clean and a mop can be used as a wet mop.
Wood-effect porcelain parquet
Although not parquet, you can find porcelain floors with a wood effect, so we wanted to include them here as well in case you are interested. This type of flooring is widely used in homes because it can be used as underfloor heating and can be placed in any room in the house.