China is one of the most polluted countries in the world. Aware of the need for a change in energy, he develops and installs a solar wall made up of the largest solar parks in the world.
The ROC is a nation with high energy dependence on fossil fuels. For this reason, it undertakes a gigantic solar photovoltaic electrification plan.
Thanks to its geographical conditions, it benefits from favorable conditions for solar electrification, because it desert areas and strong solar radiation on its territory. Compared to the industrial sector, it holds 60% of the market for the manufacture of solar panels.
The most important solar parks are:
Tengger Desert Solar Park.
Capacity: 1500 megawatts.
Location: 3.2% of land in the Tengger Desert, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
The complex is managed by the company State Power Investment Corporation, one of China’s top five energy companies.
Although it is one of the largest solar systems in the world, it has the following issues:
- It was built in an area far from cities, so the capacity factor is low. A lot of energy is lost throughout the transmission.
- It doesn’t work all year round.
Capacity: 850 megawatts.
Number of solar panels: 4 million.
Location: Tibetan plateau in Quinghai province, northeast China.
Solar panels are also used to heat an underground network designed to melt permafrost, so that trees grow on the reclaimed land.
Phase I was completed in 2013 and phase II was completed in 2015, with a total construction cost of approximately 6 billion yuan ($ 920.84 million).
It is estimated that by 2040, half of the Asian nation’s energy production will be supported by renewable sources.
The solar industry is a flourishing sector in China. Consequently, the government favors its growth, despite the difficulties. At present, they face strong global protectionism and trade wars.