Pergola or pergola (an expression used in some Latin American countries) is a structure, usually made of wood although it can be constructed from other materials, composed of columns on which rests a reticular structure of beams, with the original purpose of providing shade.
These structures have been used since the times of the Greeks and Romans for exactly this purpose.
We can usually find them outside a house (gardens, terraces or roofs) or even in public squares and gardens. By definition, pergolas are intended to provide shade in an open space, especially when vines are allowed to grow around them and between beams, it is not uncommon to find them in places where they have an exclusively decorative purpose, to form a corridor or even as a means of separating environments.
When this type of structure is placed after a building and above all covered, it would be more correct to speak of a porch.
Pergolas are manufactured mainly wooden and fixed to the groundIn other words, they are fixed structures. The same is true with pergolas made in metal, also relatively frequent. However, there are also pergolas made with plastic materials that can be assembled and disassembled. These plastic pergolas they are much less resistant and elegant, although, on the other hand, much cheaper.
The use of wood and / or metal on a pergola is not trivial, they must be weather and weather resistant materials. For this reason, very resistant and treated woods are used.
On the other hand, the most used woods are tropical ones, such as ipé or teak. Wood with natural resistance. And, on the other hand, treated wood, mainly autoclaved, such as pine or fir. Although we can also find other types, like cedar or cherry.
How can we acquire a pergola?
The most recommended option is to use an experienced carpenter who knows the materials and takes the appropriate measures to obtain the best result with a custom pergola.
Pergolas in kit. We can find them at wood distribution centers or do it yourself. If this were an election, we should be very clear about what a pergola is, what it is composed of and what types there are. Otherwise, we run the risk of purchasing something that is not what we were looking for and is not the typical product that can be easily returned.
They come with a series of predefined measures and with everything you need to assemble them. Its prices are competitive, but the result will not be perfect if the installation is not done by a professional and if the “standard measures” are not ideal for your future location.
New trends: Bioclimatic pergolas
It is increasingly common to find people who want to enjoy their terraces even in winter. These people tend to opt for pergolas made of motorized aluminum and designed to adapt to changing seasons.
These pergolas allow the blades to not only move to regulate the amount of light and promote ventilation, but also allow them to be completely closed and prevent the passage of rain.