There are a large number of different types of wood, all with different characteristics and benefits. But not everything with the necessary for the manufacture of wooden boats.
They should not only be light, but also resistant, flexible and withstand damp environments well. If we ignore small boats like rafts or canoes, it is also desirable that long pieces of wood can be obtained without us, which further reduces possible species.
These properties are a requirement when choosing wood for boats. But they are not always desirable in the same proportion according to the use they will receive. For example, for the wood used in the upper parts, which will practically never be submerged, it must be lighter, to reduce the weight of the boat. Dense species can be used for the helmet.
A frequent problem in some types of wooden boats is the appearance of fungi in the holds. It is true that treatments are applied to avoid this problem, but no treatment is completely safe indefinitely.
Types of wood for boats
In this classification of wood for boats, the species are ordered from soft to hard.
Paulownia. It is a light wood that is gaining space in marine environments. It is light, with good flexural strength and stable. Its impact resistance is limited. Ideal for small boats.
Spruce. Ideal for the manufacture of masts thanks to its lightness and resistance to bending.
African Mahogany. It is durable and stable. Average flexural strength and poorly permeable.
Sipo. It is durable and accepts bonding well.
Framire. Wood with enough durability. Dries easily without risk of cracking.
Iroko. It is a flexible and stable wood. Dries well and tail very well. In addition, long pieces are obtained. It is one of the best options.
Teak. It is perhaps the best wood for making boats. It is a very stable and flexible species, with excellent resistance to impacts. It dries easily, has a straight grain, is very waterproof and very durable. It still works well when using iron anchor to join the pieces together.
Doussie. It also has excellent performance, although it does not reach that of teak wood.
Takien (Hopea odorata). It is a wood of Asian origin little known and considered of the same quality as teak for the construction of wooden boats.
Maritime plywood panels. Although not exactly a type of wood, this type of board should be mentioned, as it has become a widely used material in this area. The treatments applied, their improved resistance and their ease of work make them the preferred solution for many.