Do you know what wood grain is, its importance, types and characteristics? Banning not only has aesthetic value, it also plays an important role


Wood grain is the pattern that marks the direction in which the tree’s fibers grow, also known as growth rings. Not everyone follows the same design, but there are variations and can significantly influence your project.

Even two plates of the same species can look absolutely different. Each tree has its own vein pattern. Therefore, it is said that everything made with wood is unique.

Does the type of Veining affect the work we are going to do?

It is important to consider the grain direction when building structural or decorative projects, such as furniture or crafts. For example, to work in a structural application, a straight grain board is generally more resistant. In more decorative designs, shafts with different characteristics can add to the beauty and personality of the project.

Something very common in a carpenter’s job is table selection to carry out a project. Within this selection, the carpenter chooses according to what he seeks, generally greater uniformity, although this is not always the case.

Wood Grain they also indicate the direction in which we should work. This is a basic product for carpenters and other woodworkers, but not always known to DIYers. When sanding, painting or varnishing, we must do it in the same direction as the grain. If we don’t, the result will not be perfect.

Types of wood grain

There are six general types of grains:

  • The diagonal grain. When a straight grain log is not sawn along its vertical axis, the result is a diagonal grain.
  • Spiral vein. When the trees grow twisted, they produce logs with spiral veins, and the boards extracted from those logs also have this design. The fibers follow a spiral path with a twist to the left or right.
  • Straight grain. The fibers of the plate run approximately parallel to the vertical axis of the log from which it was cut.
  • Corrugated grain. This type of grain appears when the direction of the wood fibers changes constantly.
  • Irregular grain. Planks of this type have fibers in varying and irregular directions from the vertical axis of the trunk (for example, fibers around us).
  • Interlaced grain. The planks with this grain come from trees whose fibers change direction each year.

The density of the grain design determines its hardness. As you would expect, a piece of wood with a fair design is stronger than one with a less tight design. In construction, the hardness of a plate is optimized when other parts cross it through the grain design, and not in parallel.