Do you know the possible types of wooden roofs for houses? Discover the advantages, possibilities and types of common materials of this architectural element
There are many factors that keep the demand for wooden decks from growing. The use of new materials and advances in wooden construction make them an ideal solution not only for small buildings, also for great works such as sports facilities, public buildings, shopping centers …
From an aesthetic or decorative point of view, wooden roofs offer a warmth that can be combined in various styles, including the most modern and current.
Advantages of wooden roofs
Among the advantages of using wood for roofing are:
- They are lighter. Not only is the wood used to manufacture the roof structure lighter than many alternatives, but also most of the materials and accessories used for the rest of the work. With such a cover, the set requires fewer foundations.
- Faster installation. Much of the work is done in the workshop, which means faster times. And after installation, no drying times are necessary, which reduces them even more.
- Thermal and acoustic insulation. Wood is naturally a thermal and acoustic insulator. If we also complement it with materials that enhance these natural characteristics, the result is very good. In fact, most “zero-consumption” houses are made of wood.
- The price wooden decking is relatively low and inferior to traditional concrete and steel. Not only can materials be a little more economical (not always the case), but also quick installation influences the total cost, which reduces labor costs.
- 100% recyclable material.
At the number of function planes The deck can have one, two, four or more waters.
They can also be classified depending on the slope. Inclined are those with a percentage of inclination equal to or greater than 10%, up to the planes. The latter are those with a minimum percentage of slope to allow the evacuation of rainwater.
We could also divide the types of roofs according to whether they are passable or not.
Hidden beams. It is also possible to find wooden decks where the beam structure is hidden, usually between the boards. Between the beams is where the roof insulation is placed. This is not just an aesthetic issue, it may also be due to specific needs for insulation or fire resistance.
Materials for the manufacture of wooden roofs and roofs
Depending on the type of roof, the construction, the manufacturer and even the geographical area, different materials can be used. These are the most frequent:
- Laminated beams (main fir and pine woods are used). This type of technical wood offers not only more resistance, also allows for longer lengths and dispel the myth that wood does not hold fire well.
- Solid wood beams. They are the “boards” with which the wooden board is formed. Over time, solid wood is being replaced by laminated beams.
- Sandwich panel. They are usually placed on the deck. They are available in different finishes and also have different qualities with regard to insulation.
- Tongue and groove plates. They are machined wooden boards that fit one after the other and form, in this case, a covering or cover for the board. Traditionally, it has been the most used method for covering a roof. It is necessary to use waterproofing materials to prevent water leaks from damaging the wood.
- Waterproofing. Some of the most common options for waterproofing roofs are asphalt fabric and American tegola.
- Rock wool. It is a natural material made of volcanic rock, used mainly as thermal insulation. It also has good fire behavior.
- OSB or oriented fiber board. It is a board with excellent technical properties widely used to cover beam structures or frames.
- Extruded polystyrene. These are foam sheets or sheets of this material used for their insulation characteristics on roofs. It has considerable mechanical strength that makes it ideal for fabricating any roof or roof with it. You can even fix the tiles.
- Galvanized sheet. They are metal plates of essences that can be used to cover and form a roof. They can be found in various colors and also with different undulations. It is resistant and requires virtually no maintenance. In addition, they are an economical option that can affect the total price of the cover. On the other hand, oxidation cannot be stopped completely, and in terms of insulation it is necessary to complement it with other materials.